Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Arenaria

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
seeds vagrant Carabidae Acupalpus meridianus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara aenea
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara anthobia
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara apricaria
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara aulica
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara bifrons
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara consularis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara convexior
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara convexiuscula
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara eurynota
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara familiaris
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara ingenua
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara littorea
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara montivaga
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara ovata
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara sabulosa
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara similata
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara spreta
seeds vagrant Carabidae Anisodactylus signatus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Calathus ambiguus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Calathus fuscipes
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus affinis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus atratus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus distinguendus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus honestus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus luteicornis
seeds vagrant adult Carabidae Harpalus rubripes
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus signaticornis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus subcylindricus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Parophonus maculicornis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus griseus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus rufipes
seeds vagrant Carabidae Pterostichus melanarius
seeds vagrant Carabidae Stenolophus teutonus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Trechus quadristriatus
systemic vagrant Carabidae Zabrus tenebrioides
stem scale Diaspididae Aonidiella aurantii
unknown unknown Scythrididae Scythris arenbergeri
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Mycosphaerella tingens
leaf leaf spot doubtful Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cerastii
leaf leaf spot Leptospaeriaceae Leptosphaeria stellariae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia moehringiae
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Henestaris laticeps
leaf vagrant Berytidae Neides tipularius
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus lineellus
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops basalis
leaf vagrant Coreidae Syromastus rhombeus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Hoplodrina ambigua
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida vittata
flower gall doubtful Urocystidales Thecaphora saponariae
leaf miner larva Curculionidae Aphytobius sphaerion
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia phalerata
stem vagrant Ortheziidae Orthezia urticae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora sattleri
fruit gall Microbotryales Microbotryum duriaeanum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum stellariae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora campestris
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia echinata
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora chalcogrammella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora galbulipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lithargyrinella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora neli
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora nubivagella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora solitariella
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum alsinella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum fibigerium
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia dupiasii
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces dianthi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsorella caryophyllacearum
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia hysteriiformis
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces arenariae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces arenariae-grandiflorae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces arenariae-leptocladi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus certus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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