Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Moehringia

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Macrosporium cladosporioides
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia moehringiae
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Caryocolum cassella
leaf vagrant Geometridae Euphyia adumbraria
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Caryocolum laceratella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
flower gall doubtful Urocystidales Thecaphora saponariae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis sambuci
fruit vagrant doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora striatipennella
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria moehringiae
fruit gall Microbotryales Microbotryum duriaeanum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum stellariae
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora arenariae
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycolus stellariae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya holosteae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora chalcogrammella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora moehringiae
leaf miner Curculionidae Oreorrhynchaeus alpicola
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum alsinella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum moehringiae
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsorella caryophyllacearum
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
stem borer Anthomyiidae Delia florilega
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia melandricaulis
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum stellariae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus certus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis sambuci


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 28.ix.2022