Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Stellaria

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercosporella echinulata
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Davidiella woronichinii
stem pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia serica
leaf leaf spot Leptospaeriaceae Leptosphaeria stellariae
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Apiocarpella anisomera
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales Mycocentrospora acerina
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Stygnocoris fuligineus
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Stygnocoris rusticus
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius huttoni
leaf vagrant Coreidae Syromastus rhombeus
stem vagrant doubtful Noctuidae Calamia tridens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Epilecta linogrisea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia triangulum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diarsia brunnea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua pronuba
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ochropleura plecta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diarsia rubi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia c-nigrum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia xanthographa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Actebia praecox
root vagrant Noctuidae Agrotis cinerea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Axylia putris
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ammoconia caecimacula
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polymixis serpentina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Standfussiana lucernea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polymixis serpentina
leaf vagrant Erebidae Hypena munitalis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Hypena munitalis
fruit borer younger larva Noctuidae Panemeria tenebrata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Agrochola lychnidis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Caradrina clavipalpis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Charanyca ferruginea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Caradrina morpheus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia stigmatica
leaf vagrant Geometridae Xanthorhoe ferrugata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia pygmaeata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Euphyia unangulata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Euphyia biangulata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Euphyia frustata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Euphyia biangulata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Camptogramma bilineata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Xanthorhoe spadicearia
stem borer Anthomyzidae Paranthomyza nitida
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis ovalis
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis comatus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Tmetothrips subapterus
flower hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips picipes
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Sclerophaedon orbicularis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Sclerophaedon carniolicus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida flaveola
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida flaveola
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Galeruca tanaceti
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera arator
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera diversipunctata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Rhogogaster scalaris
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dulophanes morio
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Rhogogaster chlorosoma
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Asproparthenis punctiventris
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Mycosphaerella isariphora
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Septoria stellariae
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Caryocolum huebneri
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Caryocolum klosi
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Caryocolum cassella
leaf hidden doubtful Gelechiidae Caryocolum viscariella
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum fraternella
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Dasineura on Stellaria graminea
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
leaf gall rarely Aphididae Brachycaudus lychnidis
leaf vagrant Triozidae Bactericera tremblayi
leaf gall Triozidae Trioza rotundata
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora striatipennella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora lutarea
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
systemic gall doubtful Eriophyidae Aceria moehringiae
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura holosteae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum stellariae
flower gall Urocystidales Thecaphora alsinearum
flower gall Urocystidales Thecaphora melandrii
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura silvicola
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis buhri
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis holosteae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis stellariae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Ametrodiplosis duclosii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora alsinearum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora parva
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Septoria stellariae
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycolus stellariae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Cecidophyopsis atrichus
leaf gall rarely Triozidae Trioza caesaris
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia coronariae
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia echinata
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya holosteae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora chalcogrammella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lithargyrinella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora solitariella
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner doubtful Drosophilidae Scaptomyza griseola
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum alsinella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum blandella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum junctella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum kroesmanniella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum petrophila
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum proxima
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum tricolorella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum vicinella
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia lineata
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium stellariae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsorella caryophyllacearum
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura stellariae
stem gall Psyllidae Aphalara affinis
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia melandricaulis
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera trifolii
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus cymbalariae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia episphaeria
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon auctum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus certus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum circumflexum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum stellariae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 29.xii.2022