Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stellaria holostea

greater stitchwort

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida flaveola
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGaleruca tanaceti
leafleaf spotCapnodialesMycosphaerella isariphora
leafleaf spotCapnodialesSeptoria stellariae
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCaryocolum huebneri
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips atratus
stemgallGelechiidaeCaryocolum fraternella
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura on Stellaria graminea
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora lutarea
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura holosteae
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum stellariae
flowergallUrocystidalesThecaphora alsinearum
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura silvicola
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis holosteae
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis stellariae
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora parva
leafgallAphididaeBrachycolus stellariae
leafgallEriophyidaeCecidophyopsis atrichus
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza flavifrons
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya flavifrons
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya holosteae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora chalcogrammella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lithargyrinella
leafminermainColeophoridaeColeophora solitariella
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza graminum
leafminerGelechiidaeCaryocolum blandella
leafminerGelechiidaeCaryocolum kroesmanniella
leafminermainGelechiidaeCaryocolum tricolorella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMelampsorella caryophyllacearum
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus cymbalariae
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia arenariae
stemgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura stellariae
stemvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum stellariae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesPhacellium episphaerium


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 19.viii.2020