Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Dianthus caryophyllus

clove pink

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootborerBuprestidaeSphenoptera laportei
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeSibinia vittata
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera arator
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida hemisphaerica
flowergallUrocystidalesThecaphora saponariae
stemgalllarvaCurculionidaeLixus brevipes
flowervagrantAphididaeAphidura pujoli
flowervagrantAphididaeAphidura picta
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum dianthorum
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum violaceum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe buhrii
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora dianthicola
leafleaf spotCapnodialesMycosphaerella dianthi
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza flavifrons
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza dianthicola
leafminerAnthomyiidaeDelia brunnescens
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza graminum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia behenis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces dianthi
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia arenariae
root collargallActinomycetalesRhodococcus fascians
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus certus
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus dianthicola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 22.ii.2021