clove pink

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower gall Urocystidales Thecaphora saponariae
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus brevipes
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura pujoli
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura picta
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum dianthorum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum violaceum
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora dianthicola
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Mycosphaerella dianthi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza flavifrons
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza dianthicola
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia brunnescens
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces dianthi
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
root collar gall Actinomycetales Rhodococcus fascians
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus certus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus dianthicola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 19.vii.2019