organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum schleichi
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis spectrana
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria ankarensis
flower gall Urocystidales Thecaphora saponariae
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia vittata
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia subelliptica
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia phalerata
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus brevipes
root scale Coccidae Rhizopulvinaria artemisiae
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura pujoli
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura picta
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis sambuci
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora albilineella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora dianthi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria dianthi
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria paradianthi
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura dianthi
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum carthusianorum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum dianthorum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum shykoffianum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum superbum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum violaceum
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora dianthicola
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Mycosphaerella dianthi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza dianthicola
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia brunnescens
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia echinata
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora adelogrammella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora dianthivora
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora musculella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora nubivagella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora riffelensis
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner doubtful Gelechiidae Caryocolum vicinella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces dianthi
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia ateridoi
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum leucomelanella
root collar gall Actinomycetales Rhodococcus fascians
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera schachtii
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera trifolii
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus certus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus dianthicola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum stellariae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 11.i.2020