organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum siculum
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia sicana
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia unicolor
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus brevipes
root scale Coccidae Rhizopulvinaria artemisiae
vagrant Aphididae Aphidura graeca
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura pannonica
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphidura gypsophilae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Brachyunguis harmalae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum violaceum
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Bayeriola buhri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora gypsophilae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza gypsophilae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza huidobrensis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia echinata
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya flavifrons
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora burmanni
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora kyffhusana
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora niveistrigella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora nubivagella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora repentis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora strutiella
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum repentis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces dianthi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces gypsophilae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia hysteriiformis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria belarexi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria gypsophilae
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum leucomelanella
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum stellariae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 4.viii.2019