Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Gypsophila

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Geometridae Idaea cervantaria
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Liorhyssus hyalinus
fruit vagrant Rhopalidae Brachycarenus tigrinus
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
unknown unknown Thripidae Eremiothrips taghizadehi
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips fuscus
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
flower hidden Thripidae Limothrips cerealium
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips discolor
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips niger
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips setiger
root gall Pantoea agglomerans
leaf vagrant Unknown code! Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Enterpia laudeti
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Tila capsophilella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora riffelensis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora corsicella
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris emichi
stem pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia serica
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria nobilis
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria gypsophilae
root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora megasperma
leaf leaf spot Cladosporiaceae Cladosporium echinulatum
root vagrant Thyreocoridae Thyreocoris scarabaeoides
root vagrant Cydnidae Microporus nigrita
predator Ormyridae Ormyrus orientalis
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus marginalis
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
flower vagrant Miridae Megalocoleus molliculus
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia gypsophilata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida hemisphaerica
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena irregularis
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena tephroleuca
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena caesia
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Sideridis turbida
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis peltigera
leaf vagrant Geometridae Charissa pullata
flower vagrant Geometridae Phaiogramma etruscaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Microloxia herbaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula rufomixtaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
flower borer Geometridae Eupithecia gemellata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Aspitates ochrearia
stem gall larva Curculionidae Lixus brevipes
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia hopffgarteni
unknown unknown Curculionidae Entomoderus impressicollis
fruit borer Curculionidae Sibinia iberica
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera arator
root gall Erwinia herbicola
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Caryocolum petryi
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Agdistis adactyla
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Caryocolum oculatella
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris schleichiella
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris cicadella
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris bifissella
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum siculum
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia sicana
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia unicolor
root scale Coccidae Rhizopulvinaria artemisiae
vagrant Aphididae Aphidura graeca
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura pannonica
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphidura gypsophilae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Brachyunguis harmalae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum violaceum
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Bayeriola buhri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora gypsophilae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza gypsophilae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza huidobrensis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia echinata
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya flavifrons
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora burmanni
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora kyffhusana
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora niveistrigella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora nubivagella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora repentis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora strutiella
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum repentis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces dianthi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces gypsophilae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia hysteriiformis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria belarexi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria gypsophilae
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum leucomelanella
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum stellariae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 30.xii.2023