Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Gypsophila struthium

synonym: Gypsophila iberica

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Geometridae Idaea cervantaria
fruit vagrant Rhopalidae Brachycarenus tigrinus
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips fuscus
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
flower hidden Thripidae Limothrips cerealium
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips discolor
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips niger
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips setiger
predator Ormyridae Ormyrus orientalis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia gypsophilata
flower vagrant Geometridae Phaiogramma etruscaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Microloxia herbaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula rufomixtaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
flower borer Geometridae Eupithecia gemellata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Aspitates ochrearia
fruit borer Curculionidae Sibinia iberica
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora strutiella


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 30.xii.2023