Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Saponaria

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorMiridaeMacrolophus pygmaeus
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces gypsophilae
flowervagrantNoctuidaeSideridis reticulata
fruitborerNoctuidaeHadena caesia
fruitborerNoctuidaeHadena bicruris
fruitborerNoctuidaeHadena capsincola
fruitborerNoctuidaeSideridis rivularis
fruitvagrantGeometridaeEupithecia schiefereri
stemgalllarvaCurculionidaeLixus brevipes
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida margaritacea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida subreticulata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida hemisphaerica
flowerhiddenGelechiidaePogochaetia solitaria
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCaryocolum fischerella
flowergallUrocystidalesThecaphora saponariae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia steini
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum saponariae
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum saponariorum
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum violaceum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe buhrii
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza xanthocera
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza flavifrons
leafminerAnthomyiidaeDelia echinata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora nubivagella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora saponariella
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza graminum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces dianthi
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia arenariae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.ii.2022