Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Saponaria officinalis


synonym: Saponaria aenebia

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cucubali
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta saponariae
flower vagrant Noctuidae Sideridis reticulata
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena bicruris
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena capsincola
fruit borer Noctuidae Sideridis rivularis
stem gall larva Curculionidae Lixus brevipes
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida margaritacea
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida subreticulata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida hemisphaerica
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Caryocolum fischerella
flower gall Urocystidales Thecaphora saponariae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia steini
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum saponariae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum saponariorum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum violaceum
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza flavifrons
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora saponariella
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces dianthi
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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