organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia tibialis
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia viscariae
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia attalica
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia phalerata
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus brevipes
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum majus
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura picta
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura ornata
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura delmasi
vagrant Aphididae Aphidura gallica
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura pannonica
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura pujoli
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis sambuci
fruit borer Coleophoridae Coleophora graminicolella
leaf leaf spot Dothideales Caryophylloseptoria lychnidis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus divaricatae
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia melandryi
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora nutantella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora silenella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora albella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria silenes
fruit borer Anthomyiidae Delia pruinosa
fruit gall Curculionidae Sibinia pellucens
fruit gall doubtful Urocystidales Thecaphora saponariae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia steini
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura bergrothiana
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura praticola
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella cucubali
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella floriperda
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella moraviae
flower gall doubtful Eriophyidae Eriophyes parviflorae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum chloranthae-verrucosum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum coronariae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum heliospermae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum lagerheimii
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum lychnidis-dioicae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum silenes-acaulis
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum silenes-dioicae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum silenes-inflatae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum silenes-saxifragae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum violaceoirregulare
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum violaceoverrucosum
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum violaceum
flower gall Urocystidales Thecaphora italica
flower gall Urocystidales Thecaphora melandrii
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia cucubali
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella alpina
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella viscariae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis behen
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Neomikiella lychnidis
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula cylindrospora
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora lychnitis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora melandryi
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora silenes
leaf leaf spot incertae sedis Diplosporonema delastrei
leaf gall Aphididae Volutaphis alpinae
leaf gall Aphididae Volutaphis centaureae
leaf gall Aphididae Volutaphis schusteri
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycaudus klugkisti
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycaudus lychnidis
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycolus cucubali
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia brunnescens
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia coronariae
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia echinata
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya hyoscyami
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora corsicella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora galbulipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hackmani
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora lithargyrinella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora meridionella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora nubivagella
leaf miner Curculionidae Trachystyphlus alpinus
leaf miner Curculionidae Oreorrhynchaeus alpicola
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum marmorea
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum vicinella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Chrysoesthia eppelsheimi
leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara halterata
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces inaequialtus
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium otitis
leaf pustule aecia telia Pucciniales Uromyces behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces cristatus
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces cuenodii
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces doricus
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces silenes-ponticae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces verruculosus
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria colocense
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
stem gall doubtful Curculionidae Sibinia femoralis
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum amaurella
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum cauligenella
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum inflativorella
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum saginella
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia melandricaulis
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura subterranea
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella inflatae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus certus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon auctum
root collar vagrant Aphididae Brachycaudus lychnicola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus
flower vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum penfroense
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum stellariae
stem vagrant Aphididae Brachycaudus populi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus
flower vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum hartigi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 22.v.2019