red campion

synonym: Lychnis diurna; Melandrium dioicum, diurnum, rubrum, sylvestre

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower borer Gelechiidae Cosmardia moritzella
fruit gall Curculionidae Sibinia pellucens
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia viscariae
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus brevipes
leaf leaf spot Dothideales Caryophylloseptoria lychnidis
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia melandryi
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia steini
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum silenes-dioicae
flower gall Urocystidales Thecaphora melandrii
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Neomikiella lychnidis
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora melandryi
leaf leaf spot incertae sedis Diplosporonema delastrei
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycaudus klugkisti
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycaudus lychnidis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya flavifrons
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora lithargyrinella
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara halterata
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf pustule aecia telia Pucciniales Uromyces behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces verruculosus
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus
stem miner main Agromyzidae Ophiomyia melandricaulis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 24.vii.2019