spanish catchfly

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia tibialis
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum majus
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura pannonica
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura ornata
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura picta
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora silenella
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria silenes
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Neomikiella lychnidis
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora silenes
leaf gall Aphididae Volutaphis centaureae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora galbulipennella
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum marmorea
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium otitis
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces inaequialtus
leaf pustule aecia telia Pucciniales Uromyces behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces verruculosus
stem gall doubtful Curculionidae Sibinia femoralis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 22.v.2019