sea campion

synonym: Silene maritima, vulgaris subsp. maritima

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf bud hidden doubtful Tortricidae Cnephasia conspersana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Philedonides lunana
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya hyoscyami
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum silenes-inflatae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum lagerheimii
flower gall Urocystidales Thecaphora melandrii
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycaudus lychnidis
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycolus cucubali
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum vicinella
leaf pustule aecia telia Pucciniales Uromyces behenis
flower vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum penfroense
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia behenis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 12.xi.2019