Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Silene vulgaris

bladder campion

synonym: Behen vulgaris; Cucubalus behen; Silene cucubalus, inflata, venosa, vulgaris subsp. angustifolia + humilis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips montanus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera carinicollis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus incisus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus rufipes
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus affinis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara littorea
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena christophi
fruit borer Gelechiidae Cosmardia moritzella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora nutantella
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Caryophylloseptoria silenes
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercosporella woronowii
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia silenicola
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia didymarioides
Nabidae Himacerus major
flower vagrant Noctuidae Sideridis reticulata
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena bicruris
fruit borer doubtful Noctuidae Hadena compta
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena confusa
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena perplexa
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena caesia
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Conisania andalusica
fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena capsincola
fruit borer Noctuidae Sideridis rivularis
flower vagrant Noctuidae Xylena exsoleta
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia orphnata
fruit vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia silenata
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Scopula decolor
leaf vagrant Geometridae Glossotrophia confinaria
fruit vagrant Geometridae Perizoma flavofasciata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia venosata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia phalerata
fruit gall Curculionidae Sibinia pellucens
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera arator
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida subreticulata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Sclerophaedon carniolicus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida margaritacea
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida hemisphaerica
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida azurea
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Caryocolum albifaciella
leaf miner larva Curculionidae Aphytobius sphaerion
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia viscariae
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura ornata
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphidura picta
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis sambuci
stem gall doubtful Gelechiidae Caryocolum cauligenella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora albella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora silenella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
fruit borer Anthomyiidae Delia pruinosa
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella floriperda
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum lagerheimii
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum silenes-inflatae
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum violaceoirregulare
flower gall Urocystidales Thecaphora melandrii
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia cucubali
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe buhrii
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora silenes
leaf leaf spot incertae sedis Marssonia delastrei
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycolus cucubali
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycaudus klugkisti
leaf gall Aphididae Brachycaudus lychnidis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia brunnescens
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia echinata
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya flavifrons
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya hyoscyami
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora meridionella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora nubivagella
leaf miner Curculionidae Trachystyphlus alpinus
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum vicinella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Chrysoesthia eppelsheimi
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces inaequialtus
leaf pustule aecia telia Pucciniales Uromyces behenis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia behenis
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
stem gall Gelechiidae Caryocolum inflativorella
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura subterranea
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum stellariae
flower vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum hartigi
stem vagrant Aphididae Brachycaudus populi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 16.xi.2023