Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Spergularia

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorPteromalidaeHalticoptera aenea
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeNysius graminicola
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeNysius cymoides
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeNysius huttoni
leafgallPiesmatidaeParapiesma quadratum
leafvagrantCoreidaeSyromastus rhombeus
leafminerUNKNOWN QUALIFIERGelechiidaeScrobipalpa salinella
leafvagrantNoctuidaeSideridis turbida
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHeliothis incarnata
unknownunknownCurculionidaeSibinia sericea
fruitgallCurculionidaeSibinia subtriangulifera
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeSibinia arenariae
unknownunknownCurculionidaeGronops lunatus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeGronops lunatus
root collarborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaePseudaplemonus limonii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida vittata
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera arator
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowerborerPterophoridaeStenoptilodes taprobanes
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeSibinia variata
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeSibinia arenariae
flowergallCurculionidaeSibinia primita
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora lepigoni
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerdoubtfulAnthomyiidaeBotanophila depressa
leafminerAnthomyiidaeDelia echinata
leafminerCurculionidaePseudophytobius acalloides
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza graminum
leafminerEphydridaeClanoneurum cimiciforme
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa spergulariella
leafminerGelechiidaeCaryocolum vicinella
leafpustuleAlbuginales AlbiginaceaeAlbugo lepigoni
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces sparsus
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia arenariae
stemborerAnthomyiidaeDelia florilega


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.vii.2022