Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Spergularia

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
predator Pteromalidae Halticoptera aenea
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius graminicola
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius cymoides
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius huttoni
leaf gall Piesmatidae Parapiesma quadratum
leaf vagrant Coreidae Syromastus rhombeus
leaf miner UNKNOWN QUALIFIER Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa salinella
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Sideridis turbida
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis incarnata
unknown unknown Curculionidae Sibinia sericea
fruit gall Curculionidae Sibinia subtriangulifera
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia arenariae
unknown unknown Curculionidae Gronops lunatus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Gronops lunatus
root collar borer larva doubtful Apionidae Pseudaplemonus limonii
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida vittata
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera arator
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
flower borer Pterophoridae Stenoptilodes taprobanes
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia variata
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia arenariae
flower gall Curculionidae Sibinia primita
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora lepigoni
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner doubtful Anthomyiidae Botanophila depressa
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Delia echinata
leaf miner Curculionidae Pseudophytobius acalloides
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Ephydridae Clanoneurum cimiciforme
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa spergulariella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Caryocolum vicinella
leaf pustule Albuginales Albiginaceae Albugo lepigoni
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces sparsus
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariae
stem borer Anthomyiidae Delia florilega


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.vii.2022