Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Armeria

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria armeriae
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Henestaris laticeps
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polymixis lichenea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polymixis xanthomista
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Zizeeria knysna
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma franconica
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Cyaniris semiargus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia sodalis
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips statices
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha cespitana
unknown unknown Tortricidae Lobesia porrectana
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris braschiella
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Philedone gerningana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
root collar hidden Tortricidae Eana penziana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
flower hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
flower borer Tortricidae Lobesia littoralis
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Sibinia sodalis
flower borer Gelechiidae Aristotelia brizella
root borer Sesiidae Pyropteron muscaeformis
leaf miner Scythrididae Scythris siccella
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces armeriae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces limonii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 5.xi.2022