Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Limonium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMalacosoma laurae
leafvagrantGeometridaeCasilda consecraria
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula emutaria
flowervagrantGeometridaePhaiogramma etruscaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeMicroloxia herbaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeGymnoscelis rufifasciata
flowerborerGeometridaeEupithecia gemellata
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis paralia
unknownunknownCurculionidaeSibinia planiuscula
unknownunknownCurculionidaeSibinia staticis
unknownunknownCurculionidaeSibinia meridionalis
unknownunknownApionidaePseudaplemonus artemisiae
unknownunknowndoubtfulCurculionidaeSibinia umbrosa
fruitborerCurculionidaeSibinia beckeri
unknownunknownPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips titschiackianus
unknownunknownAeolothripidaeMelanthrips hispanicus
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera impressa
stemborerNoctuidaeHydraecia micacea
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha cespitana
rootscalePseudococcidaeAtrococcus achilleae
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia indusiana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeScrobipalpa monochromella
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis frankeniae
flowervagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis bifurcatus
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis meridionalis
leafhiddenTortricidaeLobesia limoniana
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis bennetii
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSparganothis pilleriana
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledone gerningana
unknownunknownTortricidaePhtheochroa fulvicinctana
unknownunknownTortricidaePhalonidia albipalpana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
flowerborerrarelyGelechiidaeAristotelia brizella
root collarborerlarvaApionidaePseudaplemonus limonii
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurodicus dispersus
flowervagrantAphididaeStaticobium gmelini
flowervagrantAphididaeStaticobium latifoliae
leafscaleDiaspididaeParaepidiaspis staticicola
rootborerSesiidaePyropteron umbrifera
rootborerSesiidaePyropteron cirgisa
rootborerSesiidaePyropteron koschwitzi
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe limonii
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora statices
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria cumanorum
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa monochromella
leafminerNepticulidaeAcalyptris lesbia
leafminerNepticulidaeAcalyptris limonii
leafminerNepticulidaeAcalyptris maritima
leafminerNepticulidaeAcalyptris staticis
leafminerTortricidaeLobesia neptunia
leafpustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma zsakii
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces limonii
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces acantholimonis
leafvagrantAphididaeStaticobium staticis
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora millierella
leafvagrantAphididaeStaticobium staticis
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora limoniella


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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