Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Bistorta officinalis

common bistort

synonym: Bistorta major; Persicaria, Polygonum, bistorta

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotRhytismataceaePseudorhytisma bistortae
leafleaf spotDrepanopezizaceaeDiplocarpon alpestre
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliadoubtfulPuccinialesUromyces polygoni-avicularis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus coecus
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia suasa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXylena vetusta
leafvagrantNymphalidaeBoloria titania
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDypterygia scabriuscula
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeAthetis lepigone
leafvagrantNoctuidaePseudeustrotia candidula
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcronicta auricoma
leafvagrantErebidaeDicallomera fascelina
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMacrothylacia rubi
leafvagrantSaturniidaeSaturnia pavonia
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia satyrata
leafvagrantLycaenidaeLycaena phlaeas
leafvagrantNymphalidaeBoloria eunomia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeArgynnis aglaja
leafvagrantLycaenidaeLycaena helle
leafvagrantLycaenidaeLycaena dispar
leafvagrantCurculionidaeNeoglanis ovalis
leafvagrantCurculionidaeNeoglanis comatus
leafminerCurculionidaeHypera rumicis
leafgallunknown on Bistorta officinalis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura scotonota
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura infirma
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura putoni
stemborerTenthredinidaeEopsis beaumonti
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura gehrsi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura parvilabris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo velox
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAmetastegia glabrata
unknownborerSyrphidaeCheilosia rufimana
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeRhinoncus perpendicularis
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeRhinoncus henningsi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia bistortae
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora pratella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum bistortarum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora polygoni
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura bistortae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeWachtliella persicariae
leafgallPsyllidaeAphalara longicaudata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza polygoni
leafminerHeliozelidaeAntispilina ludwigi
leafpustuleMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum marginale
leafpustuleMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum pustulatum
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesPuccinia phragmitis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia angelicae-mammillata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia bistortae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia imperatoriae-mamillata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia mei-mamillata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia septentrionalis
stemdownErysiphalesErysiphe polygoni


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.ix.2022