Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Bistorta

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
root borer Curculionidae Plinthus tischeri
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips physapus
flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips bicolor
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Lycaena hippothoe
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Boloria napaea
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips minutissimus
leaf leaf spot Rhytismataceae Pseudorhytisma bistortae
leaf leaf spot Drepanopezizaceae Diplocarpon alpestre
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia doubtful Pucciniales Uromyces polygoni-avicularis
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia rufomaculans
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus coecus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia suasa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xylena vetusta
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Boloria titania
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Dypterygia scabriuscula
leaf vagrant doubtful Noctuidae Athetis lepigone
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Pseudeustrotia candidula
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta auricoma
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fascelina
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Macrothylacia rubi
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Saturnia pavonia
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Lycaena phlaeas
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Boloria eunomia
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Argynnis aglaja
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Lycaena helle
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Lycaena dispar
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis ovalis
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis comatus
leaf miner Curculionidae Hypera rumicis
leaf gall unknown on Bistorta officinalis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura scotonota
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura infirma
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura putoni
stem borer Tenthredinidae Eopsis beaumonti
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura gehrsi
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura parvilabris
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo velox
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Ametastegia glabrata
unknown borer Syrphidae Cheilosia rufimana
root vagrant Syrphidae Cheilosia sahlbergi
stem borer larva Curculionidae Rhinoncus perpendicularis
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Rhinoncus henningsi
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza pittodes
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza polygoni
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura bistortae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Wachtliella persicariae
leaf miner Heliozelidae Antispilina ludwigi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Callyntrotus polygoni
leaf gall Psyllidae Aphalara longicaudata
stem down Erysiphales Erysiphe polygoni
flower gall Microbotryales Microbotryum bistortarum
leaf pustule Microbotryales Microbotryum marginale
leaf pustule Microbotryales Microbotryum pustulatum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora polygoni
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia angelicae-mammillata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia bistortae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia imperatoriae-mamillata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia mei-mamillata
leaf pustule aecia doubtful Pucciniales Puccinia phragmitis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia polygoni-vivipari
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia septentrionalis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora pratella
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia bistortae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 22.xi.2023