Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rumex bucephalophorus

synonym: Rumex bucephalophorus subsp. hispanicus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia rumicis
leaf vagrant Coreidae Haploprocta sulcicornis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Circulifer haematoceps
stem borer Apionidae Apion frumentarium
stem borer larva Apionidae Perapion violaceum
leaf leaf spot doubtful Capnodiales Septoria acetosae
root vagrant Aphididae Aphis etiolata
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia phragmitis
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces tingitanus
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia biformis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 5.ix.2022