Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Rumex pulcher

fiddle dock

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia rumicis
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia rubella
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diarsia dahlii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta rumicis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Apochima flabellaria
root borer Sesiidae Pyropteron doryliformis
root borer Buprestidae Capnodis tenebricosa
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema scheffleri
stem borer larva Apionidae Perapion violaceum
stem borer larva Apionidae Perapion hydrolapathi
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Dysaphis radicola
root borer Sesiidae Pyropteron minianiformis
root borer Sesiidae Pyropteron chrysidiformis
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia pratensis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia rumicis
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya solennis
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces polygoni-avicularis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces rumicis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis rumicis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 26.vii.2022