Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Tamarix

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown scale Pseudococcidae Trabutina crassispinosa
stem scale Pseudococcidae Trabutina elastica
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
stem scale Pseudococcidae Trabutina mannipara
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Tituboea sexmaculata
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus rasus
unknown unknown Nanophyidae Corimalia pallida
unknown unknown Rhynchitidae Auletobius convexifrons
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Coniatus wenckeri
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
flower pustule Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips melisi
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella occidentalis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips gallarum
stem vagrant Dictyopharidae Dictyophara iranica
stem vagrant Issidae Tshurtshurnella bicornuta
stem vagrant Cixiidae Cixius simplex
stem vagrant Cixiidae Duilius seticulosus
unknown unknown Thripidae Tamaricothrips tamaricis
unknown unknown Nanophyidae Corimalia tetrastigma
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia hirtaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cabera pusaria
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stromatium auratum
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx cerdo
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Herophila tristis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Mesoprionus asiaticus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Hylotrupes bajulus
stem scale Diaspididae Comstockaspis perniciosa
stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
unknown unknown Nanophyidae Hypophyes aphyllae
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Ornativalva heluanensis
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma castrensis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Egira anatolica
unknown scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium tamaricis
unknown unknown Eriococcidae Neoacanthococcus atlihani
leaf vagrant Tingidae Monosteira lobulifera
leaf vagrant Tingidae Monosteira unicostata
leaf vagrant Tingidae Physatocheila confinis
leaf vagrant Tingidae Stephanitis pyri
stem scale Coccidae Anapulvinaria pistaciae
stem gall Gelechiidae Amblypalpis olivierella
stem borer Cossidae Zeuzera pyrina
fruit vagrant Pyralidae Apomyelois ceratoniae
predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus muellneri
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Artheneis foveolata
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Artheneis wagneri
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Artheneis balcanica
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Artheneis alutacea
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Artheneis hyrcanica
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Artheneis intricata
leaf vagrant Miridae Atomoscelis noualhieri
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia longipennis
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius cymoides
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia spilana
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia montandoni
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia arcufera
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia pictiscutum
leaf vagrant Miridae Auchenocrepis alboscutellata
leaf vagrant Miridae Auchenocrepis reuteri
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris nemoralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia ayasensis
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Holcocranum saturejae
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Cymus melanocephalus
leaf vagrant Miridae Alloeomimus kurdus
leaf vagrant Miridae Reuterista instabilis
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris crux
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris seidenstueckeri
leaf vagrant Miridae Camptotylus linae
leaf vagrant Miridae Camptotylus reuteri
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia simplex
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Rhaphigaster nebulosa
leaf vagrant Miridae Zanchius breviceps
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eysarcoris ventralis
leaf vagrant Berytidae Berytinus montivagus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Engistus boops
leaf vagrant Miridae Aphaenophyes richteri
predator Anthocoridae Cardiastethus fasciiventris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Tamaricella cypria
leaf vagrant Tuponia elegans
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia hippophaes
unknown unknown Cixiidae Duilius viridulus
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia tamarisci
predator Anthocoridae Montandoniola moraguesi
leaf vagrant Miridae Megalodactylus macularubra
flower vagrant Miridae Pinalitus conspurcatus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia hippophaes
leaf vagrant Miridae Camptotylus yersini
predator Reduviidae Callistodema fasciata
leaf vagrant Miridae Auchenocrepis minutissima
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia brevirostris
leaf vagrant Miridae Tuponia mixticolor
predator Nabidae Nabis viridulus
stem scale Pseudococcidae Puto barberi
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dysgonia rogenhoferi
stem borer adult Bostrichidae Schistoceros bimaculatus
scale Coccidae Pulvinaria psidii
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus aonidum
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
scale Diaspididae Prodiaspis tamaricicola
leaf vagrant Erebidae Clytie sancta
inquiline Nolidae Garella nilotica
leaf vagrant Erebidae Clytie syriaca
leaf vagrant Erebidae Clytie illunaris
leaf vagrant Geometridae Synopsia sociaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Biston betularia
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Epirrita christyi
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
flower borer Geometridae Eupithecia ultimaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula minorata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chiasmia aestimaria
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Cryptoblabes gnidiella
stem borer Buprestidae Buprestis douei
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera simulans
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Capnodis cariosa
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Lamprodila festiva
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Diorhabda sublineata
fruit borer Nanophyidae Corimalia martini
fruit borer Nanophyidae Corimalia lunulata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Diorhabda elongata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Tamaricella fasciolata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Diorhabda carinata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Diorhabda carinulata
stem vagrant adult Aphrophoridae Aphrophora alni
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Empoasca affinis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Tamaricella franckeniae
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Reptalus quinquecostatus
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Cixius nervosus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Tamaricella complicata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Opsius smaragdinus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Opsius lethierryi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Opsius stactogales
unknown unknown Nanophyidae Corimalia fausti
unknown unknown Nanophyidae Allomalia quadrivirgata
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Coniatus splendidulus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips reuteri
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Apterygothrips neolongiceps
leaf vagrant doubtful Thripidae Dendrothrips saltatrix
leaf vagrant Thripidae Scirtothrips inermis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica tamaricis
leaf vagrant Aphalaridae Colposcenia traciana
leaf vagrant Aphalaridae Colposcenia aliena
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Coniatus tamarisci
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Coniatus repandus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Coniatus suavis
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Coniatus deyrollei
unknown unknown Nanophyidae Hypophyes minutissimus
flower gall Nanophyidae Hypophyes pallidulus
unknown unknown Nanophyidae Corimalia postica
leaf vagrant adult Rhynchitidae Auletobius maculipennis
leaf hidden Pyralidae Pempelia amoenella
leaf hidden Crambidae Spoladea recurvalis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis coriacanus
flower hidden Pyralidae Merulempista cingillella
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Streyella anguinella
leaf vagrant Gelechiidae Ornativalva plutelliformis
flower hidden Pyralidae Merulempista turturella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Istrianis arenicolella
stem borer Gelechiidae Istrianis myricariella
Gelechiidae Istrianis pseudomyricariella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Ornativalva pseudotamaricella
unknown gall Gelechiidae Istrianis brucinella
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Agdistis tamaricis
stem borer doubtful Curculionidae Thamnurgus brylinskii
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Vasates immigrans
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes bilobospinosus
leaf bud borer Cosmopterigidae Ascalenia vanella
unknown borer larva Apionidae Onychapion poupillieri
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon theryi
fruit gall Nanophyidae Nanophyes pallidus
stem gall Curculionidae Liocleonus clathratus
stem gall Tenuipalpidae Obdulia tamaricis
stem gall Tenuipalpidae Obdulia spec.
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
stem vagrant Aphididae Brachyunguis tamaricis
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria dioicae
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria tamaricis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora asthenella
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Psectrosema acuticorne
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Psectrosema album
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Psectrosema barbatum
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Psectrosema dentipes
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Psectrosema nigrum
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Psectrosema provinciale
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Psectrosema tamaricis
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem gall Gelechiidae Parapodia sinaica
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf gall Aphididae Brevicoryne brassicae
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 28.i.2024