Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Tamarix africana

african tamarisk

synonym: Tamarix hispanica

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemgallGelechiidaeAmblypalpis olivierella
fruitvagrantPyralidaeApomyelois ceratoniae
leafvagrantMiridaeMegalodactylus macularubra
leafvagrantMiridaeTuponia tamarisci
leafvagrantMiridaeCamptotylus yersini
leafvagrantMiridaeAuchenocrepis minutissima
leafvagrantMiridaeTuponia mixticolor
leafvagrantErebidaeClytie illunaris
leafvagrantGeometridaeChiasmia aestimaria
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeDiorhabda sublineata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOpsius lethierryi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOpsius stactogales
unknownunknownNanophyidaeAllomalia quadrivirgata
leafvagrantCurculionidaeConiatus tamarisci
leafvagrantCurculionidaeConiatus suavis
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips reuteri
leafvagrantAphalaridaeColposcenia aliena
flowergallNanophyidaeHypophyes pallidulus
flowergallNanophyidaeCorimalia tamarisci
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis tamaricis
leafvagrantCurculionidaeConiatus repandus
leafvagrantadultRhynchitidaeAuletobius maculipennis
leafvagrantGelechiidaeOrnativalva plutelliformis
leafhiddenGelechiidaeOrnativalva pseudotamaricella
stemscaleDiaspididaeChionaspis etrusca
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon theryi
fruitgallNanophyidaeNanophyes pallidus
stemgallGelechiidaeParapodia sinaica
stemvagrantAphididaeBrachyunguis tamaricis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora asthenella


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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