Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Euonymus europaeus

spindle

synonym: Euonymus czernjaevii, odessanus,vulgaris

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit borer larva doubtful Curculionidae Bradybatus kellneri
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta euonymi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercosporella euonymi
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella euonymella
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia celastri
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Halyomorpha halys
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Heterocordylus tumidicornis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Epiphyas postvittana
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua comes
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua janthina
leaf hidden Noctuidae Eupsilia transversa
leaf vagrant Erebidae Spilosoma lutea
leaf vagrant Erebidae Callimorpha dominula
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euproctis similis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Artiora evonymaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Abraxas grossulariata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes rhomboidaria
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ligdia adustata
leaf vagrant Sphingidae Acherontia atropos
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus graminis
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus roscidus
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus convexicollis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Eucoeliodes mirabilis
leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha mucronella
leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta plumbella
leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta irrorella
fruit borer Pyralidae Nephopterix angustella
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Neopealius rubi
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria pergandii
stem gall rarely Sesiidae Synanthedon tipuliformis
leaf vagrant Coccidae Pulvinaria floccifera
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis aurantii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe euonymi
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis fabae evonymi
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis fabae cirsiiacanthoidis
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
leaf scale Diaspididae Unaspis euonymi
leaf gall Eriophyidae Cecidophyes psilonotus
leaf gall Eriophyidae Stenacis euonymi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta cagnagella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora euonymi-caprearum
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 14.i.2023