Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Euonymus europaeus


synonym: Euonymus czernjaevii, odessanus,vulgaris

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua comes
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua janthina
leafhiddenNoctuidaeEupsilia transversa
leafvagrantErebidaeSpilosoma lutea
leafvagrantErebidaeCallimorpha dominula
leafvagrantErebidaeEuproctis similis
leafvagrantGeometridaeArtiora evonymaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAbraxas grossulariata
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes rhomboidaria
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantGeometridaeLigdia adustata
leafvagrantSphingidaeAcherontia atropos
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus graminis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus roscidus
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus convexicollis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeEucoeliodes mirabilis
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha mucronella
leafhiddenYponomeutidaeYponomeuta plumbella
leafhiddenYponomeutidaeYponomeuta irrorella
fruitborerPyralidaeNephopterix angustella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeNeopealius rubi
stemscaleCoccidaePulvinaria vitis
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
systemicscaleDiaspididaeParlatoria pergandii
stemgallrarelySesiidaeSynanthedon tipuliformis
leafvagrantCoccidaePulvinaria floccifera
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis aurantii
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe euonymi
leafgallAphididaeAphis fabae evonymi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAphis fabae cirsiiacanthoidis
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
leafscaleDiaspididaeUnaspis euonymi
leafgallEriophyidaeCecidophyes psilonotus
leafgallEriophyidaeStenacis euonymi
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerYponomeutidaeYponomeuta cagnagella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora euonymi-caprearum
stemgallDiaspididaeChionaspis salicis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.ix.2021