Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Euonymus japonicus

evergreen spindle

synonym: Euonymus pulchellus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Dodecastichus inflatus
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus pinnulifer
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
unknown unknown Diaspididae Aonidiella citrina
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia rapax
vagrant Curculionidae Otiorhynchus clavipes
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus aceris
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta euonymi
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria pergandii
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
stem scale Diaspididae Aonidiella aurantii
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus calceolariae
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus dictyospermi
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia lataniae
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes japonicus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Asteroscopus sphinx
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hishimonus hamatus
stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana
leaf scale Coccidae Lichtensia viburni
systemic scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes gloverii
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis fabae evonymi
stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis
leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria floccifera
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis aurantii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe euonymicola
leaf scale Diaspididae Unaspis euonymi
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta cagnagella
stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.xi.2023