Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ceratonia siliqua

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia australis
fruitvagrantPyralidaeApomyelois ceratoniae
leafvagrantMiridaePinalitus conspurcatus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMustha spinosula
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMustha longispinis
rootvagrantCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus ceratoniae
stemscaleDiaspididaeAonidiella aurantii
scaleDiaspididaeChrysomphalus dictyospermi
systemicscaleDiaspididaeParlatoria pergandii
stemscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus britannicus
MargarodidaeGueriniella serratulae
stemscalePseudococcidaePseudococcus viburni
scaleDiaspididaeChrysomphalus aonidum
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia scutellaris
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus roscidus
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaePtosima undecimmaculata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia millefolii
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia umbellatarum
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris dorsata
unknownunknownPhlaeothripidaePriesneriella mavromoustakisi
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes pistaciae
stemscalerarelyDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus zonatus
stemvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus ceratoniae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia afer
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurocanthus spiniferus
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia gennadii
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula papilionacearum
leafdownErysiphalesPseudoidium ceratoniae
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafgalldoubtfulAphididaeAphis craccae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 4.viii.2022