Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Ceratonia

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Purpuricenus desfontainii
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx carinatus
leaf scale Coccidae Ceroplastes floridensis
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Acaudaleyrodes rachipora
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus similatus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus creticus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus bergeri
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya seychellarum
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus citri
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Raoiella macfarlanei
flower hidden Thripidae Isoneurothrips australis
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Liothrips pragensis
stem vagrant Issidae Mycterodus spinicordatus
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus griseus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stenopterus flavicornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaesthetis anatolica
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx miles
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Xylotrechus stebbingi
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Axinopalpis gracilis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus kotschyi
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus spartii
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus aegyptiacus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Nathrius brevipennis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Brachypteroma ottomanum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Chlorophorus sartor
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Hesperophanes sericeus
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Niphona picticornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Stromatium auratum
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Oligonychus perseae
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Prinobius myardi
stem borer Cerambycidae Cerambyx cerdo
stem borer Cerambycidae Penichroa fasciata
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Gracilia minuta
stem borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus fasciculatus
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia siliquae
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus ficus
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
unknown unknown Diaspididae Aonidiella citrina
stem scale Diaspididae Comstockaspis perniciosa
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia lataniae
leaf scale Diaspididae Mercetaspis halli
stem borer Curculionidae Xylosandrus crassiusculus
leaf scale Coccidae Lichtensia viburni
leaf leaf spot Amphisphaeriaceae Monochaetinula ceratoniae
leaf leaf spot Amphisphaeriaceae Pestalotia curta
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta calaritana
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta ceratoniae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria carrubi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora ceratoniae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia australis
fruit vagrant Pyralidae Apomyelois ceratoniae
leaf vagrant Miridae Pinalitus conspurcatus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha spinosula
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Mustha longispinis
root vagrant Curculionidae Otiorhynchus ceratoniae
stem scale Diaspididae Aonidiella aurantii
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus dictyospermi
systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria pergandii
stem scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus britannicus
Margarodidae Gueriniella serratulae
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus aonidum
stem borer rarely Cerambycidae Cerambyx welensii
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia scutellaris
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus roscidus
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Ptosima undecimmaculata
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia millefolii
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia umbellatarum
stem borer Buprestidae Chrysobothris dorsata
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Priesneriella mavromoustakisi
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes pistaciae
stem scale rarely Diaspididae Diaspidiotus zonatus
stem vagrant Eriophyidae Calepitrimerus ceratoniae
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia afer
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurocanthus spiniferus
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia gennadii
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum
leaf down Erysiphales Pseudoidium ceratoniae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf gall doubtful Aphididae Aphis craccae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 4.ii.2024