Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cicer arietinum

chick pea

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
seeds borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius quinqueguttatus
seeds borer Chrysomelidae Zabrotes subfasciatus
seeds borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius albopictus
seeds borer Chrysomelidae Callosobruchus maculatus
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Allophoma zantedeschiae
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Plebejus idas
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Serratobruchidius quinqueguttatus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Serratobruchidius albopictus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Acanthoscelides obtectus
fruit borer Pyralidae Etiella zinckenella
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineatus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza cicerina
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytoliriomyza variegata
leaf miner Phoridae Megaselia praeacuta
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces ciceris-arietini
root gall Rhizobiales Rhizobium leguminosarum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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