Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Hippocrepis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeEmaturga atomaria
leafvagrantLycaenidaePolyommatus albicans
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena filipendulae
leafvagrantLycaenidaePlebejus idas
leafvagrantdoubtfulLycaenidaePlebejus bellieri
leafvagrantLycaenidaePlebejus argus
leafvagrantLycaenidaePolyommatus coridon
leafvagrantLycaenidaePolyommatus hispana
leafvagrantLycaenidaePolyommatus bellargus
leafvagrantPieridaeColias croceus
flowervagrantLycaenidaeTomares ballus
leafvagrantPieridaeColias phicomone
leafvagrantPieridaeColias hyale
leafvagrantPieridaeColias alfacariensis
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena angelicae
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena loti
leafhiddenHesperiidaeErynnis tages
leafvagrantrarelyZygaenidaeZygaena ephialtes
leafvagrant Zygaena transalpina
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus perfoliatus
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus hippocrepidis
leafvagrantUlopidaeUtecha trivia
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius seminarius
unknownunknownGelechiidaeSyncopacma patruella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeMirificarma eburnella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeMirificarma maculatella
flowerhiddenThripidaeOdontothrips loti
root collarhiddenTortricidaeEana penziana
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeCharagmus intermedius
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeHemitrichapion waltoni
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeHemitrichapion lanigerum
flowerborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeHemitrichapion pavidum
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia iberica
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia uroceriformis
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia pavicevici
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia scopigera
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia ichneumoniformis
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia fimbriata
fruitgallsummer generationCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia coronillae
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius elegantulus
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia istriana
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura geisenheyneri
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe trifoliorum
leafgallspring generationCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia coronillae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia coronillae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura comosae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis hippocrepidis
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus coronillae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza cicerina
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytoliriomyza variegata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora colutella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora onobrychiella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora valesianella
leafminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula cryptella
leafminerrarelyNepticulidaeTrifurcula ortneri
leafpustulemainChytridialesSynchytrium alpicola
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces hippocrepidis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces coronillae
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
flowervagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon loti
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon caraganae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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