Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Hippocrepis comosa

horseshoe vetch

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantdoubtfulMiridaeHadrodemus m-flavum
flowervagrantrarelyNoctuidaeSideridis reticulata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia w-latinum
flowerhiddenPyralidaeOncocera semirubella
root collarvagrantNoctuidaeEuxoa recussa
root collarvagrantNoctuidaeEuxoa decora
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEuxoa obelisca
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia c-nigrum
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAnarta odontites
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia aliena
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena ephialtes
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena lonicerae
leafvagrantErebidaeEuclidia glyphica
leafvagrantGeometridaeHeliomata glarearia
leafvagrantGeometridaeGnophos furvata
leafvagrantGeometridaeCharissa obscurata
leafvagrantGeometridaeAspitates gilvaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeEmaturga atomaria
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena filipendulae
leafvagrantLycaenidaePlebejus argus
leafvagrantLycaenidaePolyommatus coridon
leafvagrantLycaenidaePolyommatus hispana
leafvagrantLycaenidaePolyommatus bellargus
leafvagrantPieridaeColias croceus
leafvagrantPieridaeColias phicomone
leafvagrantPieridaeColias hyale
leafvagrantPieridaeColias alfacariensis
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena angelicae
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena loti
leafhiddenHesperiidaeErynnis tages
leafvagrant Zygaena transalpina
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus hippocrepidis
leafvagrantUlopidaeUtecha trivia
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius pusillus
unknownunknownGelechiidaeSyncopacma patruella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeMirificarma eburnella
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeCharagmus intermedius
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeHemitrichapion waltoni
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeHemitrichapion lanigerum
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia scopigera
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia ichneumoniformis
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius elegantulus
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura geisenheyneri
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe trifoliorum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura comosae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis hippocrepidis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora colutella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora onobrychiella
leafminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula cryptella
leafpustulemainChytridialesSynchytrium alpicola
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces hippocrepidis
flowervagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon loti


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 10.iv.2022