Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Lens

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit borer doubtful Chrysomelidae Bruchus brachialis
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus tristis
seeds borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius albopictus
seeds borer doubtful Chrysomelidae Bruchidius anobioides
root vagrant Margarodidae Porphyrophora polonica
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
unknown unknown Thripidae Kakothrips priesneri
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips pallidior
flower hidden Thripidae Neohydatothrips gracilicornis
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips tritici
systemic film Pythiaceae Globisporangium debaryanum
root gall Pythiaceae Globisporangium irregulare
root film Pythiaceae Pythium sylvaticum
leaf leaf spot Botryosphaeriaceae Macrophomina phaseolina
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
stem leaf spot Didymellaceae Didymella pinodella
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Stagonosporopsis hortensis
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Stemphylium botryosum
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus fulvipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris nemoralis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris fuscispinus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada abeillei
leaf vagrant Penthaleidae Penthaleus major
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Serratobruchidius albopictus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus signaticornis
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus ervi
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus lentis
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus ulicis
fruit borer Pyralidae Etiella zinckenella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona puncticollis
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona sulcifrons
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona macularius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineatus
unknown borer larva Apionidae Eutrichapion vorax
fruit borer larva doubtful Apionidae Eutrichapion ervi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia lentis
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria ononidistrifolii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora lentis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces ervi
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces viciae-fabae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces verrucosae-craccae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces viciae-craccae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera schachtii
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera trifolii
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon kondoi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 10.ii.2024