Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Lens

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorBraconidaeAphidius ervi
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthocephalus fulvipes
leafvagrantMiridaeCalocoris nemoralis
leafvagrantPentatomidaeCarpocoris fuscispinus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeDolycoris baccarum
leafvagrantLygaeidaeBagrada abeillei
leafvagrantPenthaleidaePenthaleus major
fruitborerChrysomelidaeSerratobruchidius albopictus
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchus signaticornis
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchus ervi
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchus lentis
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchus ulicis
fruitborerPyralidaeEtiella zinckenella
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona puncticollis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona sulcifrons
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona macularius
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lineatus
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeEutrichapion vorax
fruitborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeEutrichapion ervi
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia lentis
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria ononidistrifolii
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pisi var. pisi
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe trifoliorum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora lentis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza xanthocera
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces ervi
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces viciae-fabae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces verrucosae-craccae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces viciae-craccae
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera schachtii
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera trifolii
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon kondoi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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