Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Pisum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root gall Olpidiaceae Olpidium brassicae
root film Leptolegniaceae Aphanomyces euteiches
systemic film Pythiaceae Globisporangium debaryanum
systemic film Pythiaceae Globisporangium intermedium
root gall Pythiaceae Globisporangium irregulare
leaf film Pythiaceae Globisporangium ultimum
root film Pythiaceae Pythium sylvaticum
root film Xylariaceae Dematophora necatrix
root film Nectriaceae Fusarium verticilloides
root film Nectriaceae Fusarium chlamydosporum
root film Ceratocystidaceae Berkeleyomyces basicola
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
systemic pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
stem down Nectriaceae Fusarium culmorum
stem down Nectriaceae Fusarium equiseti
stem down Nectriaceae Fusarium oxysporum
stem down Nectriaceae Fusarium redolens
stem down Nectriaceae Fusarium sambucinum
stem down Nectriaceae Neocosmospora solani
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium dahliae
root collar pustule Atheliaceae Athelia rolfsii
stem pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia trifoliorum
stem pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia serica
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta pinodes
stem leaf spot Didymellaceae Didymella pinodella
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta pisi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria pisi
fruit leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria leguminum
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta pisi
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales Mycocentrospora acerina
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Philopedon plagiatum
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Euxoa aquilina
root vagrant Noctuidae Agrotis segetum
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis pisi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia oleracea
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lepidus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xylena vetusta
root vagrant Curculionidae Charagmus stierlini
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Cupido argiades
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Lampides boeticus
root vagrant Micropezidae Micropeza corrigiolata
leaf vagrant Penthaleidae Penthaleus major
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus pisorum
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus ulicis
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius incarnatus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Serratobruchidius albopictus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Callosobruchus maculatus
leaf hidden Crambidae Loxostege sticticalis
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips angusticeps
fruit borer Pyralidae Etiella zinckenella
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia pasiuana
flower hidden Thripidae Kakothrips robustus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
fruit borer Tortricidae Grapholita orobana
fruit borer Tortricidae Grapholita lunulana
fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia nigricana
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Coelositona limosus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona striatellus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona sulcifrons
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona macularius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineellus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineatus
unknown borer larva Apionidae Eutrichapion vorax
fruit borer larva doubtful Apionidae Eutrichapion ervi
leaf gall Aphididae Megoura viciae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
root borer Curculionidae Hylastinus obscurus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia orbiculata
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall summer generation Cecidomyiidae Contarinia pisi
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius quinquepunctatus
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora pisi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza huidobrensis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza pisivora
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza lathyri
leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Amauromyza chamaebalani
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces viciae-fabae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces pisi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces striatus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem gall spring generation Cecidomyiidae Contarinia pisi
root collar gall Actinomycetales Rhodococcus fascians
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera trifolii
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon kondoi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 27.x.2022