Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Vicia cracca

tufted vetch

synonym: Vicia variabilis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips ericae
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips loti
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips pillichi
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips urticae
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips distinguendus
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Lathyromyza abruptis
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena nevadensis
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena sedi
leaf vagrant doubtful Erebidae Lygephila lusoria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Autophila asiatica
leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma karvoneni
leaf vagrant Geometridae Cleora cinctaria
unknown unknown doubtful Gelechiidae Athrips amoenella
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Stagonosporopsis hortensis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercosporella lindaviana
flower vagrant Miridae Megalocoleus molliculus
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris seticornis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus lineellus
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Globiceps fulvicollis
leaf vagrant Miridae Grypocoris fieberi
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus pratensis
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus rugulipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Notostira elongata
leaf vagrant Miridae Oncotylus punctipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema trispinosa
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema trispinosa
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema virens
flower vagrant Miridae Stenotus binotatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Trigonotylus pulchellus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Eusomus ovulum
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula nigropunctata
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena ephialtes
leaf vagrant Erebidae Lygephila pastinum
leaf vagrant Geometridae Gnophos furvata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Idaea ochrata
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma castrensis
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma franconica
leaf vagrant Geometridae Apochima flabellaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fascelina
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Isturgia arenacearia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chiasmia clathrata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia cribraria
leaf vagrant Pieridae Leptidea sinapis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scotopteryx chenopodiata
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Cupido argiades
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus
flower vagrant Lycaenidae Glaucopsyche alexis
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus amandus
leaf vagrant Pieridae Colias hyale
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena viciae
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena osterodensis
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena romeo
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus libanensis
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera miles
unknown unknown Curculionidae Hypera denominanda
unknown borer larva Apionidae Cyanapion platalea
flower gall unknown on Vicia cracca
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips biuncus
flower hidden Thripidae Neohydatothrips gracilicornis
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus atomarius
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus luteicornis
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus occidentalis
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus brachialis
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus signaticornis
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus venustus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus rufipes
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo notha
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera viciae
leaf vagrant Argidae Aprosthema melanurum
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Rhogogaster scalaris
leaf vagrant Argidae Aprosthema fuscicorne
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura myosotidis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo arcuata
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Chionodes lugubrella
leaf hidden doubtful Gelechiidae Syncopacma cinctella
systemic hidden Thripidae Firmothrips firmus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora albitibia
fruit borer Tortricidae Grapholita fissana
fruit borer Tortricidae Grapholita orobana
flower hidden Thripidae Kakothrips robustus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
fruit borer Tortricidae Grapholita lunulana
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona macularius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona suturalis
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lateralis
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineellus
fruit borer larva Apionidae Oxystoma dimidiatum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Oxystoma pomonae
fruit borer larva Apionidae Oxystoma ochropus
unknown borer larva Apionidae Cyanapion spencii
fruit borer larva Apionidae Eutrichapion punctiger
stem gall Apionidae Eutrichapion facetum
unknown borer larva Apionidae Eutrichapion vorax
fruit borer larva Apionidae Eutrichapion viciae
fruit borer larva Apionidae Eutrichapion ervi
fruit borer larva Apionidae Oxystoma craccae
fruit borer larva Apionidae Oxystoma cerdo
stem borer larva Apionidae Synapion ebeninum
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus retiolatus
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis vicicola
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia slovaca
stem miner Agromyzidae Agromyza marionae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia ervi
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius quinquepunctatus
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Ametrodiplosis viciae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Anabremia viciae
flower gall main Cecidomyiidae Contarinia craccae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe baeumleri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora mayorii
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia sphaeroidea
leaf gall main Aphididae Aphis craccae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura loewiana
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura spadicea
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura viciae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Lathyromyza schlechtendali
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria euaspis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza bicophaga
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza erythrocephala
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza vicifoliae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza pisivora
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora craccella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces viciae-fabae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces fischeri-eduardi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces verrucosae-craccae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces viciae-craccae
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
stem gall Apionidae Cyanapion gyllenhalii
stem gall Apionidae Holotrichapion aethiops
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Anabremia inquilina
leaf gall Aphididae Megoura viciae
root collar vagrant Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus heikinheimoi
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 16.ix.2023