Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Vicia hirsuta

hairy tare

synonym: Ervum hirsutum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Pieridae Colias hyale
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchus tristiculus
systemic hidden Thripidae Firmothrips firmus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora albitibia
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lateralis
fruit borer larva Apionidae Eutrichapion punctiger
unknown borer larva Apionidae Eutrichapion vorax
fruit borer larva Apionidae Eutrichapion viciae
fruit borer larva Apionidae Eutrichapion ervi
fruit borer larva Apionidae Oxystoma craccae
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia slovaca
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia ervi
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria ononidistrifolii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe baeumleri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora ervi
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ovularia viciae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura loewiana
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza bicophaga
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza viciae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza vicifoliae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia main Pucciniales Uromyces ervi
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces viciae-fabae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces fischeri-eduardi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces verrucosae-craccae
stem gall Apionidae Cyanapion gyllenhalii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.iv.2021