Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Astragalus glycyphyllos

wild liquorice

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius marginalis
fruitborerTortricidaeGrapholita pallifrontana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona macularius
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeTychius trivialis
fruitborerlarvaApionidaeLoborhynchapion amethystinum
stemborerlarvaApionidaeSynapion ebeninum
rootborerrarelySesiidaeBembecia megillaeformis
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia puella
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia astragali
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza submetallescens
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza astragali
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora gallipennella
fruitgallUrocystidalesThecaphora affinis
flowergallApionidaeMesotrichapion punctirostre
flowergallApionidaePseudoprotapion astragali
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe astragali
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pisi var. pisi
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera astragali
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura glyciphylli
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria astragali
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytoliriomyza variegata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora astragalella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora colutella
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora coronillae
leafminerGelechiidaeSyncopacma cincticulella
leafminerGelechiidaeSyncopacma ochrofasciella
leafminerLycaenidaePolyommatus escheri
leafminerLycaenidaeCupido minimus
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces punctatus
stemdownErysiphalesErysiphe caulicola
stemgallApionidaeEutrichapion facetum
stemgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura astragalorum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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