wild liquorice

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona macularius
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Tychius trivialis
fruit borer larva Apionidae Loborhynchapion amethystinum
stem borer larva Apionidae Synapion ebeninum
root borer rarely Sesiidae Bembecia megillaeformis
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia puella
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia astragali
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza submetallescens
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza astragali
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora gallipennella
fruit gall Urocystidales Thecaphora affinis
flower gall Apionidae Mesotrichapion punctirostre
flower gall Apionidae Pseudoprotapion astragali
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe astragali
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera astragali
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura glyciphylli
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria astragali
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytoliriomyza variegata
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora astragalella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora coronillae
leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma cincticulella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma ochrofasciella
leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus escheri
leaf miner Lycaenidae Cupido minimus
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces punctatus
stem down Erysiphales Erysiphe caulicola
stem gall Apionidae Eutrichapion facetum
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura astragalorum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 27.vi.2019