Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Glycyrrhiza

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora glycyrrhizae-echinatae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora cavarae
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta glycyrrhizae
leaf leaf spot Microsphaeropsidaceae Microsphaeropsis glycyrrhizicola
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta pisi
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Henestaris halophilus
leaf hidden Crambidae Eurrhypis pollinalis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Acantholipes regularis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Apopestes spectrum
fruit borer Eurytomidae Bruchophagus astragali
fruit borer Eurytomidae Bruchophagus glycyrrhizae
fruit borer Eurytomidae Bruchophagus mutabilis
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania hedenborgi
leaf vagrant Membracidae Gargara genistae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Kyboasca bipunctata
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Altica deserticola
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Cyamophila glycyrrhizae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tetra glycyrrhizae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe diffusa
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Sophoromyia armenica
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia flava
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces glycyrrhizae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 19.x.2022