Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Calicotome

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantGeometridaeCrocallis boisduvaliaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeIsturgia spodiaria
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus perfoliatus
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia funerula
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia chevrieri
rootborerBuprestidaeAgrilus antiquus
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia myrmidon
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia umbellatarum
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus cristatus
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia graminum
stemborerCurculionidaeLiparthrum genistae
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus rhododactylus
fruitborerlarvaApionidaeExapion elongatulum
unknownunknownApionidaeExapion subparallelum
flowerborerNitidulidaeGenistogethes immundus
flowerborerNitidulidaeGenistogethes punctatus
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchus ulicis
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchus perezi
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius lividimanus
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius villosus
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix scopariella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeMirificarma cytisella
leafvagrantPsyllidaeArytaina putonii
leafvagrantPsyllidaeLivilla pyrenaea
stemborerNepticulidaeTrifurcula calycotomella
leaf budborerGelechiidaeMirificarma mulinella
fruitborerlarvaApionidaeExapion canescens
leafminerApionidaeOryxolaemus flavifemoratus
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia uroceriformis
stemvagrantPsyllidaeArytainilla cytisi
stemminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula calyocotomella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia gennadii
fruitgallsummer generationCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia calycotomae
flowergallApionidaeProtopirapion atratulum
leaf budgallspring generationCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia calycotomae
leafminerApionidaeOryxolaemus scabiosus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora calycotomella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter triflorella
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera calycotomella
stemgallApionidaeProtopirapion kraatzii
leafvagrantAphididaeCtenocallis israelica
flowergallAphididaeAphis cytisorum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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