Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cytisus hirsutus

synonym: Chamaecytisus falcatus, hirsutus & subsp. ciliatus; Cytisus capitatus, ciliatus, gallicus, hirsutus subsp. ciliatus, leucotrichus, linkii, prostratus, supinus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Pieridae Colias caucasica
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cytisi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion compactum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion corniculatum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion elongatulum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion formaneki
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius lividimanus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius villosus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius nudus
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix assimilella
unknown borer larva Apionidae Pirapion redemptum
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculops cytisicolus
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia megillaeformis
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia uroceriformis
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla cognata
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla radiata
stem gall Nepticulidae Trifurcula pallidella
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia cytisi
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura tubicoloides
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura vallisumbrosae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza johannae
leaf miner Gracillariidae Micrurapteryx kollariella
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces fulgens
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces genistae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces pallidus
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon parvum
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Ctenocallis dobrovljanskyi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 26.i.2023