Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cytisus proliferus

tagasaste, tree lucerne

synonym: Chamaecytisus palmensis, proliferus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella nogalesi
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fortunata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Paranataelia tenerifica
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ascotis fortunata
leaf vagrant Miridae Compsidolon beckeri
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia rapax
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus aridorum
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera cisti
stem borer Curculionidae Liparthrum nigrescens
leaf gall unknown on Cytisus proliferus
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria genistae
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius wollastoni
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius lividimanus
unknown unknown Depressariidae Agonopterix conciliatella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura simonyi
unknown borer larva Apionidae Lepidapion curvipilosum
unknown borer larva Apionidae Lepidapion spartocytisi
flower gall Aphididae Aphis cytisorum
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina devia
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytinnis dividens
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytinnis modica
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cytisella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cytisifoliae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Dicheirinia canariensis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 18.ix.2022