Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Cytisus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Pieridae Colias caucasica
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Chondrostega vandalicia
leaf predator Miridae Pilophorus simulans
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cytisi-hirsuti
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cytisina
root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora citricola
stem kanker Nectriaceae Nectria cinnabarina
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta bacteriosperma
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales incertae sedis Pleiochaeta setosa
fruit leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria scopariae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cytisi
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella nogalesi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercosporella cytisi
leaf vagrant doubtful Lygaeidae Heterogaster artemisiae
leaf vagrant Geometridae Compsoptera opacaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Crocallis dardoinaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fortunata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Paranataelia tenerifica
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ascotis fortunata
leaf vagrant Miridae Hoplomachus thunbergii
leaf vagrant rarely Cydnidae Adomerus biguttatus
fruit vagrant Coreidae Bothrostethus annulipes
leaf predator Miridae Deraeocoris serenus
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Heterocordylus tumidicornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterocordylus megara
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris varipes
leaf predator Miridae Globiceps flavomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Globiceps fulvicollis
leaf vagrant Miridae Compsidolon beckeri
leaf predator Miridae Deraeocoris ruber
leaf vagrant Miridae Capsodes flavomarginatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Platycranus bicolor
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Megalonotus dilatatus
leaf vagrant Coreidae Arenocoris waltlii
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Megalonotus emarginatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Pachytomella passerinii
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Beosus maritimus
predator Miridae Pilophorus perplexus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus beieri
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus verticatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris jordani
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus coriaceus
predator Anthocoridae Cardiastethus fasciiventris
leaf vagrant Miridae Tragiscocoris fieberi
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus biclavatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris insignis
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris ulmi
leaf vagrant Miridae Capsodes sulcatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Deraeocoris cordiger
leaf predator Miridae Heterocordylus genistae
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Piezodorus lituratus
leaf vagrant Miridae Platycranus longicornis
leaf vagrant Alydidae Alydus calcaratus
leaf vagrant Berytidae Neides tipularius
leaf vagrant Berytidae Berytinus montivagus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus concolor
leaf vagrant Miridae Asciodema obsoleta
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Megalocoleus aurantiacus
predator Miridae Blepharidopterus angulatus
predator Miridae Heterocordylus parvulus
leaf vagrant Alydidae Megalotomus junceus
leaf vagrant Miridae Platycranus metriorrhynchus
leaf vagrant Orthotylus adenocarpi
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterocordylus tibialis
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus virescens
predator Miridae Heterotoma diversipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Heterocordylus genistae
predator Miridae Heterotoma planicornis
predator Anthocoridae Anthocoris sarothamni
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Polydrusus confluens
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius viridicollis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius maculicornis
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Cyclyrius webbianus
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
scale Diaspididae Getulaspis bupleuri
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia rapax
flower vagrant rarely Noctuidae Sideridis reticulata
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Chilotomina korbi
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Scopula nigropunctata
scale Diaspididae Hemiberlesia lataniae
scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus arroyoi
scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus laurinus
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus aridorum
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia baja
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia triangulum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia castanea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia xanthographa
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis marini
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Pachetra sagittigera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua pronuba
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua comes
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua fimbriata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Eugnorisma glareosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Egira conspicillaris
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Orthosia opima
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia contigua
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polia bombycina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ceramica pisi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia thalassina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia aliena
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia w-latinum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Agrochola lychnidis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Aporophyla lutulenta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Conistra rubiginosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Ammoconia caecimacula
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra effusa
flower vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis viriplaca
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Protoschinia scutosa
flower vagrant Noctuidae Elaphria venustula
flower vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis adaucta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Phlogophora meticulosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta euphorbiae
leaf vagrant Erebidae Apopestes spectrum
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora vibicella
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia striata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dysgonia algira
leaf vagrant Erebidae Rhyparia purpurata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Spilosoma lubricipeda
leaf vagrant Erebidae Arctia caja
leaf vagrant Geometridae Menophra abruptaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia aurolimbata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia antiqua
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fascelina
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ascotis selenaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Alcis repandata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ectropis crepuscularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ematurga atomaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Charissa pullata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Siona lineata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Perconia strigillaria
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Lasiocampa quercus
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Saturnia pavonia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Onychora agaritharia
leaf vagrant Heterogynidae Heterogynis eremita
leaf vagrant Geometridae Pseudoterpna coronillaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Pechipogo plumigeralis
leaf vagrant Heterogynidae Heterogynis penella
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Lasiocampa trifolii
leaf vagrant Erebidae Artimelia latreillei
leaf vagrant Heterogynidae Heterogynis zikici
leaf vagrant Heterogynidae Heterogynis paradoxa
leaf vagrant Heterogynidae Heterogynis cynetis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Odontopera bidentata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Crocallis elinguaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Angerona prunaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Biston betularia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes rhomboidaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selidosema brunnearia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selidosema taeniolaria
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euplagia quadripunctaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hypoxystis pluviaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Rhodostrophia pudorata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chiasmia clathrata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Isturgia famula
flower vagrant Geometridae Chesias angeri
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chesias legatella
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chesias rufata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chesias isabella
flower vagrant Lycaenidae Glaucopsyche alexis
leaf vagrant Pieridae Colias croceus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scotopteryx mucronata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scotopteryx luridata
flower vagrant Nymphalidae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Rhodostrophia vibicaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chlorissa viridata
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus eros
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Plebejus idas
leaf vagrant Geometridae Isturgia limbaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula incanata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Pseudoterpna pruinata
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Lampides boeticus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia carpetovetonica
stem borer Curculionidae Liparthrum genistae
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema cincticulella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Aproaerema captivella
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella mimonti
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera cisti
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia mendizabali
root borer Buprestidae Agrilus antiquus
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia chevrieri
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus croaticus
root collar gall Buprestidae Agrilus cinctus
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia umbellatarum
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus uhagoni
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia funerula
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Brachyderes lusitanicus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx cytinsularis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Dryodurgades antoniae
stem vagrant Unknown code! Aphrophoridae Aphrophora alni
leaf vagrant Membracidae Gargara genistae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Batracomorphus allionii
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Euscelis ohausi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Handianus ignoscus
leaf vagrant Tingidae Dictyonota fuliginosa
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus cristatus
stem borer Curculionidae Liparthrum nigrescens
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus rhododactylus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Tychius albilaterus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Attactagenus albinus
unknown unknown Curculionidae Attactagenus dispar
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia praetiosa
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia sarothamni
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia berlesei
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Strophosoma melanogrammum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion difficile
systemic gall unknown on Cytisus scoparius
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips loti
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
leaf gall unknown on Cytisus proliferus
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips ignobilis
flower hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips picipes
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips brevicornis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips cytisi
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips pallidior
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Gonioctena aegrota
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Derocrepis rufipes
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Gonioctena olivacea
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius wollastoni
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Calomicrus suturalis
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius lividimanus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius villosus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius nudus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius cisti
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Calomicrus circumfusus
leaf bud hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips inconsequens
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculops cytisicolus
stem miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter balansae
stem miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter haasi
root vagrant Curculionidae Strophosoma erinaceus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Rhogogaster picta
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis rapae
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Rhogogaster genistae
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha cespitana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Choristoneura simonyi
fruit borer doubtful Tortricidae Cydia canariensis
fruit vagrant doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora lineata
root scale Pseudococcidae Atrococcus achilleae
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix nervosa
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix assimilella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips rosana
unknown unknown Depressariidae Agonopterix conciliatella
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Syncopacma polychromella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Prolita solutella
leaf hidden Crambidae Sitochroa verticalis
unknown unknown Scythrididae Scythris ridiculella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix scopariella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix atomella
leaf hidden doubtful Depressariidae Agonopterix pallorella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Mirificarma interrupta
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lozotaenia cupidinana
leaf hidden Crambidae Eurrhypis pollinalis
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Uresiphita gilvata
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Mirificarma lentiginosella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Anarsia spartiella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis heparana
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Mirificarma lentiginosella
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla genistae
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla ulicis
leaf vagrant doubtful Psyllidae Arytaina genistae
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla horvathi
leaf hidden Tortricidae Syndemis musculana
leaf vagrant Tingidae Dictyonota strichocera
leaf hidden Tortricidae Grapholita lathyrana
fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia ulicetana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Periclepsis cinctana
fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia succedana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus sarothamni
stem gall Agromyzidae Agromyza kiefferi
leaf bud borer Gelechiidae Mirificarma mulinella
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Charagmus intermedius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona puncticollis
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona striatellus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Charagmus gressorius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Charagmus griseus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Andrion regensteinense
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion elongatissimum
leaf vagrant adult Apionidae Exapion putoni
leaf vagrant adult Apionidae Exapion laufferi
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Pachytychius sparsutus
unknown borer larva Apionidae Lepidapion curvipilosum
unknown borer larva Apionidae Lepidapion spartocytisi
flower gall Apionidae Protopirapion atratulum
unknown borer larva Apionidae Pirapion redemptum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion corniculatum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion elongatulum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion fuscirostre
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion compactum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion formaneki
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia paveli
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
stem gall Apionidae Protopirapion kraatzii
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia pterosparti
fruit gall doubtful Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia bitensis
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia megillaeformis
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia uroceriformis
root borer Curculionidae Hylastinus obscurus
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina devia
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina nubivaga
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytinnis dividens
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytinnis modica
flower vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina vittata
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytainilla serpentina
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla cognata
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla radiata
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla melanoneura
stem vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina africana
stem vagrant Psyllidae Arytainilla spartiicola
stem vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina maculata
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytainilla spartiophila
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula corothamni
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula chamaecytisi
stem borer Nepticulidae Trifurcula trasaghica
stem gall Nepticulidae Trifurcula pallidella
unknown unknown Nepticulidae Trifurcula squamatella
stem miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera spartifoliella
stem miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter scopariella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora supinella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria genistae
fruit gall summer generation Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia sarothamni
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia pulchripes
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius parallelus
flower gall Aphididae Aphis cytisorum
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis cytisorum sarothamni
flower gall Apionidae Protopirapion atratulum
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia anthonoma
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella genisticola
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella sarothamni
leaf bud gall spring generation Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia sarothamni
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia cytisi
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia pilosa
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia scoparii
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura tubicoloides
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella maculata
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria genistae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora viennotii
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Wachtliella niebleri
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura bursifex
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura vallisumbrosae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculops coutierei
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza johannae
leaf miner rarely Agromyzidae Phytomyza cytisi
leaf miner Apionidae Oryxolaemus flavifemoratus
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora calycotomella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora parthenogenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora saturatella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trifariella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Micrurapteryx kollariella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cytisella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cytisifoliae
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cytisus
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter eugregori
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter purgantella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter spartocytisi
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter staintoniella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter triflorella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera coronillae
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera cytisiphagella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera laburnella
leaf miner doubtful Lyonetiidae Leucoptera zanclaeella
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces fulgens
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces genistae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces sarothamni
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces pallidus
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Dicheirinia canariensis
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
stem gall Agromyzidae Hexomyza sarothamni
stem gall Apionidae Pirapion immune
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura trotteri
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella tuberculi
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter estrela
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula immundella
root gall Rhizobiales Rhizobium leguminosarum
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Trotteria obtusa
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ctenocallis dobrovljanskyi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ctenocallis setosa
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon parvum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon caraganae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ctenocallis israelica
stem vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus cytisi
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis chamaecytisicola

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 26.i.2023