organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root scale Pseudococcidae Atrococcus achilleae
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix nervosa
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix assimilella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips rosana
unknown unknown Depressariidae Agonopterix conciliatella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Syncopacma captivella
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Syncopacma polychromella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Prolita solutella
leaf hidden Crambidae Sitochroa verticalis
unknown unknown Scythrididae Scythris ridiculella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix scopariella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix atomella
leaf hidden doubtful Depressariidae Agonopterix pallorella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Mirificarma interrupta
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lozotaenia cupidinana
leaf hidden Crambidae Eurrhypis pollinalis
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Uresiphita gilvata
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Mirificarma lentiginosella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Anarsia spartiella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis heparana
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Mirificarma lentiginosella
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla genistae
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla ulicis
leaf vagrant doubtful Psyllidae Arytaina genistae
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla horvathi
leaf hidden Tortricidae Syndemis musculana
leaf vagrant Tingidae Dictyonota strichocera
leaf hidden Tortricidae Grapholita lathyrana
fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia ulicetana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Periclepsis cinctana
fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia succedana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus sarothamni
stem gall Agromyzidae Agromyza kiefferi
leaf bud borer Gelechiidae Mirificarma mulinella
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Charagmus intermedius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona puncticollis
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona striatellus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Charagmus gressorius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Charagmus griseus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Andrion regensteinense
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion elongatissimum
leaf vagrant adult Apionidae Exapion putoni
leaf vagrant adult Apionidae Exapion laufferi
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Pachytychius sparsutus
unknown borer larva Apionidae Lepidapion curvipilosum
unknown borer larva Apionidae Lepidapion spartocytisi
flower gall Apionidae Protopirapion atratulum
unknown borer larva Apionidae Pirapion redemptum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion corniculatum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion elongatulum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion fuscirostre
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion compactum
fruit borer larva Apionidae Exapion formaneki
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia paveli
stem scale Coccidae Eulecanium tiliae
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
stem gall Apionidae Protopirapion kraatzii
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculops cytisicola
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia pterospartii
fruit gall doubtful Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia bitensis
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia megillaeformis
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia uroceriformis
root borer Curculionidae Hylastinus obscurus
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina devia
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina nubivaga
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytinnis dividens
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytinnis modica
flower vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina vittata
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytainilla serpentina
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla cognata
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla radiata
leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla melanoneura
stem vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina africana
stem vagrant Psyllidae Arytainilla spartiicola
stem vagrant Psyllidae Arytaina maculata
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Arytainilla spartiophila
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula corothamni
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula chamaecytisi
stem borer Nepticulidae Trifurcula trasaghica
stem gall Nepticulidae Trifurcula pallidella
unknown unknown Nepticulidae Trifurcula squamatella
stem miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera spartifoliella
stem miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter scopariella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora supinella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria genistae
fruit gall summer generation Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia sarothamni
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia pulchripes
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius parallelus
flower gall Aphididae Aphis cytisorum
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis cytisorum sarothamni
flower gall Apionidae Protopirapion atratulum
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia anthonoma
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella genisticola
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella sarothamni
leaf bud gall spring generation Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia sarothamni
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia cytisi
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia pilosa
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia scoparii
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura tubicoloides
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella maculata
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria genistae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora viennotii
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Wachtliella niebleri
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura bursifex
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura vallisumbrosae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculops coutierei
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza johannae
leaf miner rarely Agromyzidae Phytomyza cytisi
leaf miner Apionidae Oryxolaemus flavifemoratus
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Bruchidius villosus
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora calycotomella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora parthenogenella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora saturatella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trifariella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma cincticulella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Micrurapteryx kollariella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cytisella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cytisifoliae
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cytisus
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter eugregori
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter purgantella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter spartocytisi
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter staintoniella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter triflorella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera coronillae
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera cytisiphagella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera laburnella
leaf miner doubtful Lyonetiidae Leucoptera zanclaeella
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces fulgens
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces genistae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces sarothamni
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces pallidus
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Dicheirinia canariensis
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
stem gall Agromyzidae Hexomyza sarothamni
stem gall Apionidae Pirapion immune
stem gall Buprestidae Agrilus cinctus
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura trotteri
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella tuberculi
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
stem gall Santalaceae Viscum album
stem miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter estrela
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula immundella
root gall Rhizobiales Rhizobium leguminosarum
inquiline Cecidomyiidae Trotteria obtusa
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ctenocallis dobrovljanskyi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ctenocallis setosa
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon parvum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon caraganae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Ctenocallis israelica
stem vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus cytisi
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis chamaecytisicola


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 23.ii.2020