Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Laburnum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
root film Ceratocystidaceae Berkeleyomyces basicola
stem kanker Nectriaceae Nectria cinnabarina
stem gall Nectriaceae Neonectria coccinea
stem gall Nectriaceae Neonectria ditissima
stem kanker Nectriaceae Fusarium lateritium
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Sphaerella laburni
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales incertae sedis Pleiochaeta setosa
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta cytisi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria cytisi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria laburni
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Euphydryas aurinia
predator Pteromalidae Dinotiscus wichmanni
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Piezodorus lituratus
leaf vagrant Miridae Asciodema obsoleta
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus cytisi
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus viburni
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus calceolariae
scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus jaapi
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia graecarius
leaf hidden Crambidae Eurrhypis pollinalis
leaf vagrant Notodontidae Phalera bucephala
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus perfoliatus
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer Curculionidae Liparthrum genistae
root borer Curculionidae Hylastinus obscurus
stem borer Curculionidae Hylastinus fankhauseri
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus rhododactylus
stem borer Curculionidae Liparthrum mandibulare
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus urticae
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Gonioctena olivacea
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius cisti
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius villosus
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix nervosa
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix scopariella
leaf miner doubtful Gelechiidae Mirificarma cytisella
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Uresiphita gilvata
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Mirificarma lentiginosella
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla variegata
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips xylosteana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Andrion regensteinense
fruit gall doubtful Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia bitensis
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aculus acraspis
flower gall Aphididae Aphis cytisorum
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe guarinonii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora cytisi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza demeijerei
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza cytisi
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trifariella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Micrurapteryx kollariella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter staintoniella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera laburnella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces laburni
stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis
root gall Rhizobiales Rhizobium leguminosarum
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculops cytisicolus
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf gall doubtful Aphididae Aphis craccae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 21.x.2022