organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia nigricana
leaf bud borer Gelechiidae Mirificarma mulinella
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona verecundus
root vagrant larva doubtful Curculionidae Sitona cinnamomeus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona macularius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Charagmus griseus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Charagmus gressorius
root vagrant larva main Curculionidae Charagmus gressorius
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia ichneumoniformis
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia lupini
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe intermedia
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Agromyza demeijerei
leaf miner rarely Agromyzidae Agromyza johannae
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Gracillariidae Micrurapteryx kollariella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera laburnella
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces lupinicola
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces renovatus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem borer Agromyzidae Napomyza lateralis
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera schachtii
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera trifolii
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
root gall Rhizobiales Rhizobium lupini
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum albifrons
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 24.x.2019