Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Spartium junceum

spanish broom

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerGelechiidaeMirificarma rhodoptera
predatorPteromalidaeRhaphitelus maculatus
leafvagrantdoubtfulLygaeidaeMacroplax fasciata
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania speculum
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris schach
leafvagrantMiridaeHalticus macrocephalus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeMegalonotus mixtus
leafvagrantMiridaePlatycranus erberi
predatorMiridaeDeraeocoris punctum
flowervagrantPentatomidaePiezodorus lituratus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthocephalus saltator
flowervagrantMiridaeClosterotomus trivialis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus albomarginatus
stemscaleMargarodidaeIcerya purchasi
stemscalePseudococcidaePlanococcus citri
leafvagrantErebidaeApopestes spectrum
leafvagrantHeterogynidaeHeterogynis affinis
leafvagrantHeterogynidaeHeterogynis valdeblorensis
leafvagrantErebidaeOrgyia trigotephras
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
leafvagrantLycaenidaeLampides boeticus
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
fruitborerPyralidaeEtiella zinckenella
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella adspersula
stemborerBuprestidaeMelanophila cuspidata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia funerula
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia mendizabali
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera cisti
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia chevrieri
root collargallBuprestidaeAgrilus cinctus
stemborerCurculionidaeLiparthrum genistae
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus cristatus
stemborerCurculionidaePhloeotribus rhododactylus
unknownunknownThripidaeOdontothrips meridionalis
flowerborerNitidulidaeGenistogethes punctatus
flowerborerNitidulidaeGenistogethes immundus
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius lividimanus
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius villosus
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius foveolatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeCalomicrus circumfusus
stemminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter lapadiella
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeAcleris schalleriana
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix scopariella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix umbellana
leafvagrantPyralidaeUresiphita gilvata
leafvagrantPsyllidaeLivilla spectabilis
leafhiddenTortricidaeGrapholita lathyrana
stemminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula aurella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis cytisorum sarothamni
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
flowergallAphididaeAphis cytisorum
flowergallCecidomyiidaePiranea spartii
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia pterosparti
leaf budwitches’ broomEriophyidaeAceria spartii
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe rayssiae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula papilionacearum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza johannae
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza luteifrons
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza pulla
leafminerApionidaeOryxolaemus flavifemoratus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora saturatella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora trifariella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter juncei
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces spartii-juncei
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis genistae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 12.vii.2022