Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Spartium junceum

spanish broom

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips ajugae
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips italicus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips meridionalis
stem vagrant Flatidae Phantia subquadrata
stem vagrant Issidae Mycterodus spinicordatus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Onychora agaritharia
leaf vagrant Erebidae Artimelia latreillei
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Trichoferus spartii
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Niphona picticornis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Deilus fugax
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Deilus rugosicollis
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Anaglyptus gibbosus
leaf scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes beckii
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia aetnensis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis pseudocytisorum
root borer Buprestidae Sphenoptera antiqua
stem scale Diaspididae Comstockaspis perniciosa
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
scale Diaspididae Chrysomphalus dictyospermi
leaf vagrant Tingidae Dictyonota marmorea
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
leaf vagrant Tingidae Monosteira unicostata
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Tathorhynchus exsiccata
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Leptotes pirithous
stem Lentitheciaceae Keissleriella gallica
stem borer Gelechiidae Mirificarma rhodoptera
leaf vagrant doubtful Lygaeidae Macroplax fasciata
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania speculum
predator Miridae Deraeocoris schach
leaf vagrant Miridae Halticus macrocephalus
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Megalonotus mixtus
leaf vagrant Miridae Platycranus erberi
predator Miridae Deraeocoris punctum
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Piezodorus lituratus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus saltator
flower vagrant Miridae Closterotomus trivialis
stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus albomarginatus
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus citri
leaf vagrant Erebidae Apopestes spectrum
leaf vagrant Heterogynidae Heterogynis affinis
leaf vagrant Heterogynidae Heterogynis valdeblorensis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia trigotephras
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Lampides boeticus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus
fruit borer Pyralidae Etiella zinckenella
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella adspersula
stem borer Buprestidae Melanophila cuspidata
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia funerula
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia mendizabali
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeodera cisti
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia chevrieri
root collar gall Buprestidae Agrilus cinctus
stem borer Curculionidae Liparthrum genistae
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus cristatus
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeotribus rhododactylus
unknown unknown Thripidae Odontothrips meridionalis
flower borer Nitidulidae Genistogethes punctatus
flower borer Nitidulidae Genistogethes immundus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius lividimanus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius villosus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius foveolatus
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Calomicrus circumfusus
stem miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter lapadiella
leaf hidden doubtful Tortricidae Acleris schalleriana
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix scopariella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix umbellana
leaf vagrant Pyralidae Uresiphita gilvata
leaf vagrant Psyllidae Livilla spectabilis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Grapholita lathyrana
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula aurella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis cytisorum sarothamni
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
flower gall Aphididae Aphis cytisorum
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Piranea spartii
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia pterosparti
leaf bud witches’ broom Eriophyidae Aceria spartii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe rayssiae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza johannae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza luteifrons
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza pulla
leaf miner Apionidae Oryxolaemus flavifemoratus
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora saturatella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trifariella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter juncei
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces spartii-juncei
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis genistae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.ix.2023