Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Onobrychis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root vagrant Cydnidae Geotomus elongatus
leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selidosema brunnearia
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Chaetopyrena ubrizsyi
root film Ceratocystidaceae Berkeleyomyces basicola
root film Helicobasidiaceae Helicobasidium purpureum
stem leaf spot Saccotheciaceae Aureobasidium caulivorum
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium dahliae
stem kanker Phyllachoraceae Stigmatula astragali
stem pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia trifoliorum
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria onobrychidis
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora onobrychidis
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Stemphylium botryosum
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta onobrychidis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria fulvescens
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria onobrychidis
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Stagonosporopsis hortensis
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta pisi
leaf leaf spot Phyllachoraceae Diachora onobrychidis
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia onobrychidis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia bornmuelleriana
stem borer Chrysomelidae Paleoacanthoscelides gilvus
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius cymoides
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Hadrodemus m-flavum
leaf vagrant Coreidae Coriomeris denticulatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus fulvipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Grypocoris fieberi
leaf vagrant Alydidae Alydus calcaratus
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus gemellatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops kalmii
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Alloeonotus fulvipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Notostira erratica
leaf vagrant Miridae Oncotylus punctipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus saltator
leaf vagrant Alydidae Camptopus lateralis
leaf vagrant Plataspididae Coptosoma costale
predator Miridae Heterotoma diversipes
leaf vagrant Plataspididae Coptosoma scutellatum
leaf vagrant Plataspididae Coptosoma putoni
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Peritrechus gracilicornis
root vagrant adult Curculionidae Omiamima concinna
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Phyllobius glaucus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Omiamima concinna
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf pustule uredinia telia doubtful Pucciniales Uromyces pisi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus damon
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus aroaniensis
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Euxoa decora
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia pesarinii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Actebia praecox
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia violacea
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Lasiocampa terreni
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Spaelotis senna
root collar borer Cerambycidae Plagionotus floralis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Sideridis turbida
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia contigua
leaf vagrant Geometridae Idaea aureolaria
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Agrochola litura
flower vagrant Noctuidae Xylena exsoleta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Antitype chi
stem gall doubtful Eulophidae Aprostocetus gallicolus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Pyrrhia umbra
flower vagrant doubtful Noctuidae Cucullia pustulata
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus admetus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus galloi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus humedasae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta auricoma
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena loti
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euplagia quadripunctaria
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena viciae
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena ephialtes
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena filipendulae
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena lonicerae
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fascelina
leaf vagrant Erebidae Arctia caja
leaf vagrant Erebidae Rhyparia purpurata
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Lasiocampa trifolii
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Saturnia pavonia
leaf vagrant Heterogynidae Heterogynis penella
leaf vagrant Heterogynidae Heterogynis valdeblorensis
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma castrensis
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma alpicola
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia zonaria
leaf vagrant doubtful Zygaenidae Zygaena rhadamanthus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scotopteryx bipunctaria
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus damon
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus ripartii
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus thersites
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus dolus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus violetae
flower vagrant Lycaenidae Glaucopsyche alexis
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Cupido minimus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Plebejus idas
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Cupido osiris
flower vagrant Lycaenidae Tomares ballus
leaf vagrant Pieridae Colias croceus
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena exulans
leaf vagrant Pieridae Colias hyale
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena carniolica
leaf vagrant Pieridae Leptidea duponcheli
root borer Buprestidae Sphenoptera antiqua
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Aproaerema incognitana
fruit borer Eurytomidae Bruchophagus astragali
fruit borer Eurytomidae Bruchophagus seravschanicus
flower borer Eurytomidae Eurytoma onobrychidis
fruit borer Eurytomidae Bruchophagus gibbus
flower borer Eurytomidae Eurytoma onobrycola
root borer Buprestidae Sphenoptera cuprina
root borer Buprestidae Sphenoptera barbarica
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Agallia brachyptera
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Donus zoilus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Neoglanis globosus
unknown unknown Coleophoridae Coleophora dignella
flower borer Nitidulidae Fabogethes diversus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius lutescens
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius unicolor
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius poupillieri
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius cisti
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius olivaceus
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema depressa
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera postica
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera venusta
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella foliicola
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura myosotidis
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Orophia sordidella
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus tergrigorianae
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Dichomeris limosellus
unknown unknown Pyralidae Megasis rippertella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis senecionana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
flower hidden Thripidae Kakothrips robustus
stem borer Tortricidae Grapholita caecana
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona macularius
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona callosus
unknown borer larva Apionidae Pseudoprotapion elegantulum
unknown borer larva Apionidae Hemitrichapion waltoni
stem borer larva Apionidae Stenopterapion intermedium
stem borer larva Apionidae Synapion ebeninum
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia scopigera
root borer Curculionidae Hylastinus obscurus
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula silviae
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora albostraminata
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia onobrychidis
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura floralis
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora ruegeriae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Bremiola onobrychidis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus longifilis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza cicerina
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora onobrychiella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ravillella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora vulpecula
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera onobrychidella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces onobrychidis
stem gall Apionidae Hemitrichapion reflexum
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
stem gall Cynipidae Aylax onobrychidis
root gall Rhizobiales Rhizobium leguminosarum
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis trifolii
flower vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon loti
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
leaf gall Aphididae Megoura viciae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis pseudocomosa

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 30.i.2023