Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Onobrychis montana

synonym: Onobrychis transsilvanica

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Phyllachoraceae Diachora onobrychidis
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia onobrychidis
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus bipunctatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus fulvipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus gemellatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops kalmii
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus damon
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Sideridis turbida
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Polyommatus humedasae
leaf vagrant doubtful Zygaenidae Zygaena rhadamanthus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Cupido osiris
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula silviae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia onobrychidis
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora ruegeriae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Bremiola onobrychidis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus longifilis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces onobrychidis
stem gall Apionidae Hemitrichapion reflexum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.x.2022