organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown borer larva Apionidae Catapion vulnerariae
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia iberica
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia hymenopteriformis
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia scopigera
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia ichneumoniformis
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza submetallescens
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula victoris
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora kahaourella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora alacanta
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora acrisella
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora semicinerea
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora vulnerariae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis brunnea
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis litoralis
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius junceus
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius schneideri
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe hedysari
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula papilionacearum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytoliriomyza variegata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza brischkei
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora nubivagella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora rectilineella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora rudella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora vestalella
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava
leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella
leaf miner doubtful Gelechiidae Nothris lemniscellus
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula anthyllidella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula peloponnesica
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf miner Scythrididae Scythris siccella
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium alpicola
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces anthyllidis
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia fimbriata
root gall Rhizobiales Rhizobium leguminosarum
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
flower vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon loti
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon caraganae
root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis klimeschi
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon parvum
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis loti
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon caraganae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 24.iv.2019