Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Lotus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAnarta pugnax
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCeramica pisi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAgrochola litura
flowerhiddenPyralidaeOncocera semirubella
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXylena vetusta
unknownunknowndoubtfulCurculionidaeSitona syriacus
leafvagrantGeometridaeLycia graecarius
leafvagrantNolidaeNola aerugula
leafvagrantErebidaeEuplagia quadripunctaria
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena loti
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena viciae
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena angelicae
leafvagrantErebidaeEuclidia glyphica
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena oxytropis
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula rubiginata
leafvagrantErebidaeDicallomera fascelina
leafvagrantGeometridaeSynopsia sociaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeElophos dilucidaria
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeLasiocampa trifolii
leafvagrantGeometridaeIdaea litigiosaria
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeCharissa intermedia
leafvagrantdoubtfulGeometridaeElophos vittaria
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMalacosoma castrensis
leafvagrantGeometridaeAspitates gilvaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCharissa obscurata
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeMacrothylacia rubi
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena carniolica
leafvagrantSaturniidaeSaturnia pavonia
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHelicoverpa armigera
leafvagrantErebidaeRhynchina canariensis
leafvagrantGeometridaeHypoxystis pluviaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeLycia zonaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelidosema brunnearia
leafvagrantGeometridaeEmaturga atomaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAspitates ochrearia
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia satyrata
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula emutaria
leafvagrantdoubtfulZygaenidaeZygaena rhadamanthus
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena occitanica
flowervagrantLycaenidaeTomares ballus
leafvagrantLycaenidaeZizeeria knysna
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena trifolii
leafvagrantPieridaeColias croceus
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCallophrys rubi
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCupido argiades
leafvagrantGeometridaeThalera fimbrialis
leafvagrantLycaenidaePlebejus argus
leafvagrantLycaenidaePlebejus idas
leafvagrantPieridaeColias phicomone
leafvagrantdoubtfulZygaenidaeAdscita obscura
leafhiddenHesperiidaeErynnis tages
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena exulans
leafvagrantPieridaeLeptidea sinapis
leafvagrantPieridaeColias hyale
leafvagrant Zygaena transalpina
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena filipendulae
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus kolobovae
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus astragali
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus gibbus
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus roddi
fruitborerEurytomidaeBruchophagus platypterus
rootborerBuprestidaeSphenoptera barbarica
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeBatracomorphus allionii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAphrodes bicinctus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMegophthalmus scanicus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHandianus flavovarius
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAnaceratagallia venosa
unknownunknownCurculionidaeHypera jucunda
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLeucophyes pedestris
unknownunknownCurculionidaeTychius pauperculus
unknownunknownThripidaeThrips pelikani
flowerhiddenThripidaeSericothrips bicornis
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
flowerborerNitidulidaeFabogethes nigrescens
flowerborerNitidulidaeFabogethes varicollis
flowerborerNitidulidaeGenistogethes carinulatus
flowerborerNitidulidaeGenistogethes erichsonii
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius lichenicola
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius seminarius
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius cisti
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeChaetocnema depressa
flowerhiddenCurculionidaeHypera meles
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera miles
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera postica
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera venusta
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera plantaginis
unknownunknowndoubtfulApionidaeLepidapion cretaceum
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo brevicornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo notha
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo arcuata
root collarscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus munroi
unknownscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus gassinus
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis coriacanus
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
unknownunknowndoubtfulScythrididaeScythris pinkeri
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
unknownunknownGelechiidaeSyncopacma wormiella
unknownunknownGelechiidaeSyncopacma polychromella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora oriolella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeSyncopacma cinctella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeSyncopacma larseniella
flowerhiddenGelechiidaeAnacampsis hirsutella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeChionodes lugubrella
unknownunknownScythrididaeScythris flavilaterella
unknownunknownScythrididaeScythris ridiculella
leafhiddenPyralidaeNeurotomia coenulentella
unknownunknownGelechiidaeMirificarma flavella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeIwaruna biguttella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeSyncopacma sangiella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeBryotropha figulella
leafhiddenPyralidaeAncylosis arenosella
flowerhiddenThripidaeNeohydatothrips gracilicornis
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis senecionana
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledone gerningana
flowerhiddenThripidaeOdontothrips phaleratus
flowerhiddenThripidaeOdontothrips loti
flowerhiddenThripidaeKakothrips robustus
fruitborerrarelyTortricidaeCydia ulicetana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafhiddenTortricidaePericlepsis cinctana
root collarhiddenTortricidaeEana penziana
unknownunknownTortricidaeCnephasia communana
root collarhiddenTortricidaeEana penziana
fruitborerPyralidaePima boisduvaliella
fruitborerTortricidaeCydia succedana
stemborerspring generationTortricidaeGrapholita compositella
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafvagrantTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona sulcifrons
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeCoelositona puberulus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona cinnamomeus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeCharagmus variegatus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona puncticollis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeCoelositona cinerascens
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona gemellatus
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona waterhousi
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona lineatus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaePachytychius haematocephalus
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeHemitrichapion wollastoni
fruitborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeEutrichapion ervi
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeHemitrichapion lanigerum
fruitborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeOxystoma subulatum
stemborerlarvaApionidaeSynapion ebeninum
stemgallApionidaeHemitrichapion rapulum
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia abromeiti
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia himmighoffeni
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia vulcanica
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia iberica
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia hymenopteriformis
rootborerdoubtfulSesiidaeBembecia sirphiformis
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia scopigera
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia ichneumoniformis
stemminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula subnitidella
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora acrisella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora semicinerea
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeTherioaphis obscura
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis litoralis
fruitgallApionidaeIschnopterapion fallens
fruitgallmainApionidaeIschnopterapion loti
fruitgallApionidaeIschnopterapion modestum
fruitgallApionidaeIschnopterapion plumbeomicans
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia melanopus
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius argentatus
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius capucinus
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius junceus
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius squamulatus
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia loti
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia barbichei
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella loticola
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe pisi var. pisi
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe trifoliorum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora lotorum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora tetragonolobi
leafleaf spotCapnodialesOvularia sphaeroidea
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria euaspis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nana
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora colutella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora discordella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora festivella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora loti
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora spumosella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora squamella
leafminermainGelechiidaeSyncopacma taeniolella
leafminerGelechiidaeAproaerema anthyllidella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter insignitella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter nigrescentella
leafminerLycaenidaePolyommatus icarus
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera lotella
leafminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula cryptella
leafminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula eurema
leafminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula manygoza
leafminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula ridiculosa
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicinella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafminermainScythrididaeScythris picaepennis
leafminerScythrididaeScythris siccella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium alpicola
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces guerkeanus
stemgallAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza cunctans
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
root collargallBlastocladialesPhysoderma potteri
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis trifolii
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis brachytricha
root collarvagrantAphididaeRhopalosiphoninus heikinheimoi
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon kondoi
flowervagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon loti
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis loti
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis lotiradicis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 18.ix.2021