organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha rivulana
unknown unknown doubtful Scythrididae Scythris pinkeri
leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Syncopacma wormiella
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Syncopacma polychromella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora oriolella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Syncopacma cinctella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Syncopacma larseniella
flower hidden Gelechiidae Anacampsis hirsutella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Chionodes lugubrella
unknown unknown Scythrididae Scythris flavilaterella
unknown unknown Scythrididae Scythris ridiculella
leaf hidden Pyralidae Neurotomia coenulentella
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Mirificarma flavella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Iwaruna biguttella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Syncopacma sangiella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Bryotropha figulella
leaf hidden Pyralidae Ancylosis arenosella
flower hidden Thripidae Neohydatothrips gracilicornis
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis senecionana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Philedone gerningana
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips phaleratus
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips loti
flower hidden Thripidae Kakothrips robustus
fruit borer rarely Tortricidae Cydia ulicetana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Periclepsis cinctana
root collar hidden Tortricidae Eana penziana
unknown unknown Tortricidae Cnephasia communana
root collar hidden Tortricidae Eana penziana
fruit borer Pyralidae Pima boisduvaliella
fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia succedana
stem borer spring generation Tortricidae Grapholita compositella
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Aphelia viburniana
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona sulcifrons
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Coelositona puberulus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona cinnamomeus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Charagmus variegatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona puncticollis
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Coelositona cinerascens
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona gemellatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona waterhousi
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona lineatus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Pachytychius haematocephalus
unknown borer larva Apionidae Hemitrichapion wollastoni
fruit borer larva doubtful Apionidae Eutrichapion ervi
unknown borer larva doubtful Apionidae Hemitrichapion lanigerum
fruit borer larva doubtful Apionidae Oxystoma subulatum
stem borer larva Apionidae Synapion ebeninum
stem gall Apionidae Hemitrichapion rapulum
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia abromeiti
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia himmighoffeni
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia vulcanica
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia iberica
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia hymenopteriformis
root borer doubtful Sesiidae Bembecia sirphiformis
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia scopigera
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia ichneumoniformis
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula subnitidella
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora acrisella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora semicinerea
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Therioaphis obscura
leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis litoralis
fruit gall Apionidae Ischnopterapion fallens
fruit gall main Apionidae Ischnopterapion loti
fruit gall Apionidae Ischnopterapion modestum
fruit gall Apionidae Ischnopterapion plumbeomicans
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia melanopus
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius argentatus
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius capucinus
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius junceus
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius squamulatus
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia loti
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia barbichei
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella loticola
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora lotorum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora tetragonolobi
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ovularia sphaeroidea
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria euaspis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora festivella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora loti
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spumosella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora squamella
leaf miner main Gelechiidae Syncopacma taeniolella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella
leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella
leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula manygoza
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula ridiculosa
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicinella
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf miner main Scythrididae Scythris picaepennis
leaf miner Scythrididae Scythris siccella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium alpicola
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces guerkeanus
stem gall Agromyzidae Melanagromyza cunctans
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
root collar gall Blastocladiales Physoderma potteri
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis trifolii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis brachytricha
root collar vagrant Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus heikinheimoi
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon kondoi
flower vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon loti
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis loti
root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis lotiradicis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 16.ii.2020