Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lotus corniculatus

common bird’s-foot-trefoil

synonym: Lotus carpetanus, caucasicus, major

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerhiddenCurculionidaeHypera meles
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLeucophyes pedestris
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera postica
fruitborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeEutrichapion ervi
flowerhiddenThripidaeSericothrips bicornis
flowerborerNitidulidaeGenistogethes carinulatus
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius seminarius
fruitborerChrysomelidaeBruchidius cisti
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeChaetocnema depressa
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera plantaginis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo brevicornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo notha
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo arcuata
unknownunknownGelechiidaeSyncopacma wormiella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeSyncopacma cinctella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeSyncopacma larseniella
flowerhiddenGelechiidaeAnacampsis hirsutella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeChionodes lugubrella
unknownunknownGelechiidaeMirificarma flavella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeSyncopacma sangiella
flowerhiddenThripidaeNeohydatothrips gracilicornis
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledone gerningana
flowerhiddenThripidaeOdontothrips phaleratus
flowerhiddenThripidaeOdontothrips loti
flowerhiddenThripidaeKakothrips robustus
fruitborerrarelyTortricidaeCydia ulicetana
fruitborerPyralidaePima boisduvaliella
fruitborerTortricidaeCydia succedana
leafvagrantsummer generationTortricidaeGrapholita compositella
leafvagrantTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona puncticollis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona sulcifrons
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeCoelositona cinerascens
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeSitona waterhousi
rootvagrantlarvararelyCurculionidaeCoelositona cambricus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaePachytychius haematocephalus
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeHemitrichapion lanigerum
fruitborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeOxystoma subulatum
stemborerlarvaApionidaeSynapion ebeninum
stemgallApionidaeHemitrichapion rapulum
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia himmighoffeni
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia iberica
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia scopigera
rootborerSesiidaeBembecia ichneumoniformis
stemminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula subnitidella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
fruitgallApionidaeIschnopterapion fallens
fruitgallmainApionidaeIschnopterapion loti
fruitgallApionidaeIschnopterapion plumbeomicans
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAsphondylia melanopus
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius junceus
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius squamulatus
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia loti
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia barbichei
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella loticola
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe trifoliorum
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora lotorum
leafleaf spotCapnodialesOvularia sphaeroidea
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria euaspis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza congesta
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora colutella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora discordella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora squamella
leafminerGelechiidaeAproaerema anthyllidella
leafminermainGelechiidaeSyncopacma taeniolella
leafminerLycaenidaePolyommatus icarus
leafminerLyonetiidaeLeucoptera lotella
leafminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula cryptella
leafminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula eurema
leafminerNepticulidaeTrifurcula manygoza
leafminermainScythrididaeScythris picaepennis
leafminerScythrididaeScythris siccella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium alpicola
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae
stemgallAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza cunctans
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
root collargallBlastocladialesPhysoderma potteri
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis trifolii
leafvagrantAphididaeTherioaphis brachytricha
flowervagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon loti
root collarvagrantAphididaeRhopalosiphoninus heikinheimoi
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis loti
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis lotiradicis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 8.x.2020