Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lotus corniculatus

common bird’s-foot-trefoil

synonym: Lotus carpetanus, caucasicus, major

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Xystophora pulveratella
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula imitaria
leaf vagrant Pieridae Colias phicomone
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora loti
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia schulzeri
stem borer Unknown code! Tortricidae Grapholita compositella
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris seticornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Capsodes gothicus
leaf vagrant Coreidae Ceraleptus lividus
leaf vagrant Coreidae Coriomeris denticulatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Alydidae Megalotomus junceus
leaf vagrant adult doubtful Curculionidae Polydrusus tibialis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Barypeithes pellucidus
leaf vagrant Miridae Capsodes sulcatus
leaf vagrant Berytidae Berytinus signoreti
leaf pustule uredinia telia doubtful Pucciniales Uromyces anthyllidis
leaf pustule uredinia telia doubtful Pucciniales Uromyces pisi
scale Pseudococcidae Spilococcus artemisiphilus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia w-latinum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cerastis rubricosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua pronuba
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Anarta pugnax
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Agrochola litura
flower hidden Pyralidae Oncocera semirubella
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xylena vetusta
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia graecarius
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euplagia quadripunctaria
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena lonicerae
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena loti
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena viciae
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena angelicae
leaf vagrant Erebidae Euclidia glyphica
leaf vagrant Erebidae Dicallomera fascelina
leaf vagrant Geometridae Synopsia sociaria
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Charissa intermedia
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Elophos vittaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Aspitates gilvaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Charissa obscurata
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Macrothylacia rubi
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena carniolica
leaf vagrant Saturniidae Saturnia pavonia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Lycia zonaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selidosema brunnearia
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ematurga atomaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula emutaria
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena trifolii
leaf vagrant Pieridae Colias croceus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Callophrys rubi
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Cupido argiades
leaf vagrant Geometridae Thalera fimbrialis
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Plebejus argus
leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Plebejus idas
leaf vagrant doubtful Zygaenidae Adscita obscura
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Erynnis tages
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena exulans
leaf vagrant Pieridae Leptidea sinapis
leaf vagrant Pieridae Colias hyale
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena filipendulae
fruit borer Eurytomidae Bruchophagus kolobovae
fruit borer Eurytomidae Bruchophagus gibbus
fruit borer Eurytomidae Bruchophagus platypterus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Coelositona puberulus
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Batracomorphus allionii
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Aphrodes bicinctus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Megophthalmus scanicus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Anaceratagallia venosa
flower hidden Curculionidae Hypera meles
unknown unknown Curculionidae Leucophyes pedestris
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera postica
fruit borer larva doubtful Apionidae Eutrichapion ervi
flower hidden Thripidae Sericothrips bicornis
flower borer Nitidulidae Genistogethes carinulatus
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius seminarius
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius cisti
leaf vagrant adult Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema depressa
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera plantaginis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo brevicornis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo notha
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo arcuata
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Syncopacma wormiella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Syncopacma cinctella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Syncopacma larseniella
flower hidden Gelechiidae Anacampsis hirsutella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Chionodes lugubrella
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Mirificarma flavella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Syncopacma sangiella
flower hidden Thripidae Neohydatothrips gracilicornis
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Philedone gerningana
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips phaleratus
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips loti
flower hidden Thripidae Kakothrips robustus
fruit borer rarely Tortricidae Cydia ulicetana
fruit borer Pyralidae Pima boisduvaliella
fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia succedana
leaf vagrant Tortricidae Aphelia viburniana
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona puncticollis
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona sulcifrons
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Coelositona cinerascens
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Sitona waterhousi
root vagrant larva rarely Curculionidae Coelositona cambricus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Pachytychius haematocephalus
unknown borer larva doubtful Apionidae Hemitrichapion lanigerum
fruit borer larva doubtful Apionidae Oxystoma subulatum
stem borer larva Apionidae Synapion ebeninum
stem gall Apionidae Hemitrichapion rapulum
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia himmighoffeni
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia iberica
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia scopigera
root borer Sesiidae Bembecia ichneumoniformis
stem miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula subnitidella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
fruit gall Apionidae Ischnopterapion fallens
fruit gall main Apionidae Ischnopterapion loti
fruit gall Apionidae Ischnopterapion plumbeomicans
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia melanopus
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius junceus
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius squamulatus
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia loti
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia barbichei
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella loticola
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora lotorum
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia sphaeroidea
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria euaspis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora colutella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora squamella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella
leaf miner main Gelechiidae Syncopacma taeniolella
leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus
leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema
leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula manygoza
leaf miner main Scythrididae Scythris picaepennis
leaf miner Scythrididae Scythris siccella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium alpicola
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae
stem gall Agromyzidae Melanagromyza cunctans
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
root collar gall Blastocladiales Physoderma potteri
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis trifolii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Therioaphis brachytricha
flower vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon loti
root collar vagrant Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus heikinheimoi
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis loti
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum
root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis lotiradicis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.i.2023