Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lotus creticus

synonym: Lotus commutatus, salzmannii

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantScutelleridaeOdontoscelis fuliginosa
leafvagrantScutelleridaeOdontoscelis lineola
rootvagrantNoctuidaeAgrotis segetum
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHelicoverpa armigera
rootborerBuprestidaeSphenoptera barbarica
rootborerBuprestidaeSphenoptera barbarica
leafminerGelechiidaeAproaerema anthyllidella
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeCharagmus variegatus
flowerborerNitidulidaeFabogethes varicollis
leafhiddenGelechiidaeIwaruna biguttella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeBryotropha figulella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeSyncopacma sangiella
leafhiddenPyralidaeAncylosis arenosella
fruitborerPyralidaePima boisduvaliella
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius capucinus
rootborerdoubtfulSesiidaeBembecia sirphiformis
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis loti
fruitgallApionidaeIschnopterapion plumbeomicans
fruitgallCurculionidaeTychius argentatus
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora discordella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora spumosella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces guerkeanus
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.i.2022