Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lotus creticus

synonym: Lotus commutatus, salzmannii

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Odontoscelis fuliginosa
leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Odontoscelis lineola
root vagrant Noctuidae Agrotis segetum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Helicoverpa armigera
root borer Buprestidae Sphenoptera barbarica
root borer Buprestidae Sphenoptera barbarica
leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Charagmus variegatus
flower borer Nitidulidae Fabogethes varicollis
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Iwaruna biguttella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Bryotropha figulella
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Syncopacma sangiella
leaf hidden Pyralidae Ancylosis arenosella
fruit borer Pyralidae Pima boisduvaliella
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius capucinus
root borer doubtful Sesiidae Bembecia sirphiformis
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis loti
fruit gall Apionidae Ischnopterapion plumbeomicans
fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius argentatus
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora discordella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spumosella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculatae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces guerkeanus
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.i.2022